Table of Contents
Hepatitis Research and Treatment
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 689726, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/689726
Research Article

Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Hepatitis C Virus Infection among General Population in Central Region of Yemen

Biotechnology Department, School of Life Sciences, S.R.T.M. University, Vishnupuri, Nanded 431606, India

Received 22 October 2012; Accepted 2 December 2012

Academic Editor: Alessandro Antonelli

Copyright © 2012 Rajesh N. Gacche and Sadiq K. Al-Mohani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) represents a major worldwide public health problem. Though several studies from Yemen have provided an estimate of the prevalence of this viral infection, there exist only few studies which reflect the status in the general population. Aim. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis C infection among general population in central region of Yemen. Methods. The study population comprised 2,379 apparently healthy subjects who were screened for hepatitis C antibodies (HCV Abs) status using ELISA quantitative technique. Seroprevalence rate of seropositive subjects was calculated and stratified by age, sex, educational level, and monthly income. Results. The study showed that out of 2,379 subjects, 31 (1.3%) were HCV Abs positive. Higher prevalence of HCV Abs was found among females, 24 (1.01%), than males, 7 (0.29%). The age specific prevalence rose from 00 (0.00%) in subjects aged ≤14 years to a maximum of 9 (0.38%) in subjects aged ≥55 years. The prevalence of HCV Abs was more prevalent in illiterate subjects and increased with decreasing monthly income. Conclusion. It was found that variables including age and educational level were significantly associated with HCV Ab positivity and not associated with gender and monthly income.