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HPB Surgery
Volume 4 (1991), Issue 1, Pages 59-67
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1991/45101

Hydatid Disease of the Liver. Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment

1The 2nd Surgical Department, Athens Naval and Veterans Hospital, Greece
2The Surgical Unit, Medical School, University of Crete, Greece
349 Ymittou Str., Cholargos, Athens GR-155 61, Greece

Received 11 November 1990; Accepted 11 November 1990

Copyright © 1991 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A series of 155 cases of hepatic hydatid disease, occurring in 121 patients, were operated on at the Naval and Veterans Hospital of Athens. Ultrasonography and computerized axial tomography provided the preoperative diagnosis in 89 and 93 percent of the cases respectively in recent years. Thirty one percent of the cases presented with complications, the commonest of these being infection of the cyst (10 percent) and rupture of the cyst into the bile ducts (17 percent). Total cystectomy was performed in three cases and removal of the endocyst with its content in the remaining 152. The remaining cavity was either externally drained (57 cases), or filled with omentum (omentoplasty — 95 cases). External fistula and infection of the residual cavity occurred in 32 and 56 percent after simple drainage and in 4 and 2 percent respectively after omentoplasty. Differences are statistically significant (p < 0.001). Hospitalization was also significantly longer after drainage than after omentoplasty (p < 0.01). Obstructive jaundice after intrabiliary rupture of the cyst was more successfully managed after additional choledochoduodenostomy than after simple drainage of the common bile duct. Intrapericoneal recurrence of hydatid disease occurred in two cases. The conclusion of the present study is, that ultrasonography and computerized axial tomography provide an acceptable rate in the diagnosis and that omentoplasty offers a very low complication rate in the management of hydatid cystic disease of the liver.