Review Article | Open Access
Masatoshi Isogai, Kitao Hachisuka, Akihiro Yamaguchi, Satoshi Nakano, "Etiology and Pathogenesis of Marked Elevation of Serum Transaminase in Patients With Acute Gallstone Disease", HPB Surgery, vol. 4, Article ID 095059, 13 pages, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1155/1991/95059
Etiology and Pathogenesis of Marked Elevation of Serum Transaminase in Patients With Acute Gallstone Disease
From 1980 through 1988, biliary surgery was performed in 197 patients with acute gallstone disease and concomitant elevation of serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) of over 300 Karmen units. In 137 patients, anatomic inspection and liver biopsy were performed during the acute stage of the disease. Impacted and floating bile duct stones were found in 69 (50%) and in 43 (32%) of the 137 patients, respectively. The main liver histology was necrosis of liver cells. After surgery, high serum transaminase fell rapidly with immediate recovery in 99% of the patients. In the remaining 60 patients, their signs and symptoms settled soon after initial conservative treatment and surgery was performed after an average time of 21 days. At laparotomy, impacted bile duct stones were found in 2 (3%) and liver histology revealed regeneration of liver cells.These findings suggest that marked elevation of serum transaminase in patients with acute gallstone disease might be due to an acute inflammatory liver cell injury caused by impacted bile duct stones or migrating stones, which would be transient and reversible after early resolution of the bile duct obstruction.
Copyright © 1991 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.