Table of Contents
HPB Surgery
Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 219-221

Monocyte and Blood Interleukin-12 Levels Patients with Obstructive Jaundice

University Department of Surgery, University of Wales College of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff CF4 4XN, UK

Received 26 April 1994

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Patients with obstructive jaundice have an increased incidence of peri-operative complications and immune dysfunction. This study was to investigate interleukin (IL)-12 (a cellular immunity stimulant), levels in jaundiced patients. 23 jaundiced patients and 17 controls were studied. There was significantly increased monocyte IL-12 production in jaundice, as measured by an ELISA, compared with that in controls (p<0.01 by Mann-Whitney U test). A similar increase is seen in both benign and malignant jaundice. There was no difference between plasma IL-12 levels in the two groups. It is concluded that in jaundice, monocytes have a significantly increased capacity to release IL-12. This suggests that IL-12 may play a role in the immune dysfunction in jaundiced patients.