Table of Contents
HPB Surgery
Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 305-310

A Simple, Secure and Universal Pancreaticojejunostomy following Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Department of Surgery, Medical College, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Road, Tainan, Taiwan

Received 1 June 1996; Accepted 1 October 1996

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although the operative mortality of pancreaticoduodenal resection has decreased recently, the operative morbidity resulting from a leaking pancreatic anastomosis remains high. We described our experience in 50 consecutive cases with a simple, secure end to side pancreaticojejunostomy. We used a paediatric nasogastric tube in the pancreatic remnant duct as a temporary external pancreatic drain. There were 29 men and 21 women ranging from 12 to 84 years with a median age of 61 years. Forty-two patients underwent a standard Whipple procedure and eight a pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Average operating time was 270 minutes with a range of 170 to 480 minutes. The pancreaticojejunostomy could be constructed in a mean of 8 minutes. Intraoperative blood loss ranged from 150 to 3500 mL with a mean of 910mL. Twenty-five patients (50 %) received no blood transfusion. The consistency of the pancreatic remnant was hard in 12 patients (24 %) and normal in 38 patients (76 %). The pancreatic duct was dilated (>4mm) in 15 patients (30 %). There was no operative mortality and only three (6.0 %) minor leaks from the pancreatic anastomosis which healed spontaneously. It was difficult to determine if the leaks were related to the consistency of the pancreatic remnant, the size of the pancreatic duct, the amount of intraoperative blood loss, operating time, sex of the patient or experience of the surgeon, as there were only three leaks. We concluded that our technique for pancreaticojejunal anastomosis following pancreaticoduodenectomy was safe and applicable to, standard Whipple or pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, small or dilated pancreatic ducts, normal or fibrotic pancreas.