HPB Surgery

HPB Surgery / 2009 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Pancreatic Fistula Following Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Clinical Predictors and Patient Outcomes

Table 1

Parameters utilized to grade post-operative pancreatic fistulas (POPFs) (21).


Clinical conditionWellOften wellIll appearing/bad
Specific treatment*NoYes/NoYes
US/CT (if obtained)NegativeNegative/PositivePositive
Persistent drainage (after 3 weeks)NoUsually yesYes
Death related to POPFNoNoProbably yes
Signs of infectionNoYesYes

US = Ultrasonography; CT = computed tomography scan.
*Partial (peripheral) or total parenteral nutrition, antibiotics, enteral nutrition, somatostatin analogue, and/or minimally invasive drainage.
With or without a drain in situ.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.