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International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9251034, 30 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9251034
Research Article

Radiation Transfer Calculations and Assessment of Global Warming by CO2

Experimental Physics and Materials Science, Helmut-Schmidt-University, Holstenhofweg 85, 22043 Hamburg, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Hermann Harde

Received 29 June 2016; Revised 3 October 2016; Accepted 1 November 2016; Published 20 March 2017

Academic Editor: Bin Yu

Copyright © 2017 Hermann Harde. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We present detailed line-by-line radiation transfer calculations, which were performed under different atmospheric conditions for the most important greenhouse gases water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and ozone. Particularly cloud effects, surface temperature variations, and humidity changes as well as molecular lineshape effects are investigated to examine their specific influence on some basic climatologic parameters like the radiative forcing, the long wave absorptivity, and back-radiation as a function of an increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. These calculations are used to assess the CO2 global warming by means of an advanced two-layer climate model and to disclose some larger discrepancies in calculating the climate sensitivity. Including solar and cloud effects as well as all relevant feedback processes our simulations give an equilibrium climate sensitivity of = 0.7°C (temperature increase at doubled CO2) and a solar sensitivity of = 0.17°C (at 0.1% increase of the total solar irradiance). Then CO2 contributes 40% and the Sun 60% to global warming over the last century.