Table of Contents
International Journal of Bacteriology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 564109, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/564109
Research Article

The Assessment of Viability of M. Tuberculosis after Exposure to CPC Using Different Methods

Department of Bacteriology, National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (ICMR), Chetput, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600031, India

Received 26 June 2013; Revised 25 November 2013; Accepted 11 December 2013; Published 28 January 2014

Academic Editor: Gary Dykes

Copyright © 2014 Gomathi Sekar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Settings. National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai. Objective. To assess the proportion of metabolically active cells of Mycobacterium tuberculosis after exposed to CPC using FDA-EB vital staining and viable counts on LJ medium. Mycolic acid content in M. tuberculosis after exposure to CPC was estimated using HPLC. Methods. Clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis and standard reference strain M. tuberculosis H37Rv were used for FDA-EB, viable count, and HPLC. Results. FDA/EB consistently stained 70–90% of log phase cells as green and the remaining cells as red-orange. After CPC treatment, 65–70% of the cells stained red-orange. The viability counts were comparable to 0-day controls. Synthesis of mycolic acids in mycobacteria was reduced when exposed to CPC using HPLC due to the decreased metabolic activity of the organisms. Conclusion. The cells are metabolically inactive during storage with CPC but these cells grew well on LJ medium after removal of CPC. The viability of M. tuberculosis was maintained in CPC with minimal reduction. Mycolic acid content was reduced if the cells of M. tuberculosis were treated with CPC for 7 days. All the above findings provide yet another evidence for the damage of cell wall of M. tuberculosis.