Table of Contents
International Journal of Bacteriology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 507890, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/507890
Research Article

Bacterial Contamination of Medical Doctors and Students White Coats at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania

1Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania
2Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Clinical Laboratory, P.O. Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania
3Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre Molecular Diagnostic Unit, P.O. Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania
4Ifakara Health Institute, P.O. Box 78373, Mikocheni, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
5Better Human Health Foundation, P.O. Box 1348, Moshi, Tanzania
6Imagedoctors International, P.O. Box 16341, Arusha, Tanzania

Received 4 June 2015; Revised 15 September 2015; Accepted 11 October 2015

Academic Editor: Sam R. Telford

Copyright © 2015 Josephat Qaday et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Microbial transmission from patient to patient has been linked to transient colonization of health care workers attires. Contamination of health care workers’ clothing including white coats may play a big role in transmission of microbes. Study Objective. This study was conducted to determine the type of bacterial contamination on the white coats of medical doctors and students and associated factors. Methods. A cross-sectional study with purposive sampling of the bacterial contamination of white coats was undertaken. Demographic variables and white coats usage details were captured: when the coat was last washed, frequency of washing, washing agents used, and storage of the white coats. Swabs were collected from the mouth of left and right lower pockets, sleeves, and lapels of white coat in sterile techniques. Results. Out of 180 participants involved in the current study, 65.6% were males. Most of the coats were contaminated by staphylococci species and other bacteria such as Gram negative rods. Conclusion and Recommendations. White coats are potential source of cross infection which harbour bacterial agents and may play a big role in the transmission of nosocomial infection in health care settings. Effort should be made to discourage usage of white coats outside clinical areas.