Table of Contents
International Journal of Bacteriology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9840670, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9840670
Research Article

Tuberculosis among Jimma University Undergraduate Students: First Insight about the Burden of Tuberculosis in Ethiopia Universities—Cross-Sectional Study

1Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Hossana College of Health Sciences, Hossana, Ethiopia
2Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
3Mycobacteriology Research Center, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
4AERAS Africa, Rockville, MD, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Solomon Ali; moc.liamg@5002ilalos

Received 29 August 2017; Accepted 24 September 2017; Published 24 October 2017

Academic Editor: Doris Hillemann

Copyright © 2017 Deneke Wolde et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Ethiopian universities are facilities where students live in relative overcrowding condition. This might favor the chance of tuberculosis transmission among students. This study was done to determine the magnitude and associated factors of tuberculosis among Jimma University students. Methods. A cross-sectional study was done from February 2015 to July 2015. Hundred twenty-nine consented participants were interviewed using structured questionnaire. Biological specimens were collected and cultured on Mycobacterium Growth Indicator Tube. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex verification was done by SD BIOLINE TB Ag MPT64 Rapid test. Frequency distribution, logistic regression, and independent sample -test were used to analyze the data using SPSS Version 20. Result. Magnitude of all forms of tuberculosis among Jimma University undergraduate students was 209.1 per 100000-student population. Contact history [AOR: 4.76, 95% CI (1.31–17.31)], smoking [AOR: 6.67, 95% CI (1.51–29.44)], khat chewing [AOR: 5.56, 95% CI (1.66–18.69)], and low body mass index [AOR: 5.37, 95% CI (1.46–19.78)] were determinants of tuberculosis. Conclusion. The magnitude of tuberculosis among Jimma University undergraduate students is high. TB is associated with previous tuberculosis patient contact and behavioral factors. Hence, students with these risk factors should be given enough attention for the control of TB in Jimma University.