Table of Contents
International Journal of Biodiversity
Volume 2014, Article ID 516840, 8 pages
Research Article

Analysis of Structure and Diversity of the Kilengwe Forest in the Morogoro Region, Tanzania

Department of Biological Sciences, Dar es Salaam University College of Education (DUCE), P.O. Box 2329, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Received 3 September 2013; Accepted 14 November 2013; Published 23 January 2014

Academic Editor: James T. Anderson

Copyright © 2014 David Sylvester Kacholi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. R. Holdridge, Life Zone Ecology, Tropical Science Center, San Jose, Costa Rica, 1967.
  2. D. S. Kacholi, Effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity of Uluguru Mountain forests in Morogoro region, Tanzania [Ph.D. thesis submitted at Georg-August University Goettingen], Cuvillier Verlag, Goettingen, Germany, 2013.
  3. “Global forest resources assessment 2010,” Main Report. FAO Paper 163, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (FAO), Rome, Italy, 2010.
  4. W. D. Newmark, Conserving Biodiversity in East African Forests. A Study of the Eastern Arc Mountains, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2002.
  5. S. Madoffe, G. D. Hertel, P. Rodgers, B. O'Connell, and R. Killenga, “Monitoring the health of selected eastern arc forests in Tanzania,” African Journal of Ecology, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 171–177, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Condit, S. P. Hubbell, J. V. Lafrankie et al., “Species-area and species-individual relationships for tropical trees: a comparison of three 50-ha plots,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 549–562, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. H. Gentry, “Tropical forest biodiversity: distributional patterns and their conservational significance,” Oikos, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 19–28, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. A. Mori, B. M. Boom, A. M. Carvalho de, and T. S. Dos Santos, “Ecological importance of Myrtaceae in an Eastern Brazilian West Forest,” Biotropica, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 68–70, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. T. Curtis and R. P. McIntosh, “The interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic of phytosociological characters,” Ecology, vol. 31, pp. 434–455, 1950. View at Google Scholar
  10. R. M. Seaby and P. A. Henderson, Species Diversity and Richness Version 4, Pisces Conservation, Lymington, UK, 2006.
  11. A. N. Magurran, Measuring Biological Diverisy, Blackwell Science, Melden, Germany, 2004.
  12. R. E. Malimbwi, D. Shemweta, E. Zahabu, S. P. Kingazi, J. Z. Katani, and D. A. Silayo, “Forest inventory for mvomero district, Morogoro-Tanzania,” FORCONSULT Unpublished Report, 2005.
  13. E. N. Mwavu, Human impact, plant communities, diversity and regeneration in Budongo forest reserve, North-Western Uganda [Ph.D. thesis], University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2007.
  14. K. Z. Doody, A. Ntemi, R. Killenga, and N. K. Beharrell, “Vegetation in mpanga village forest reserve: a biodiversity survey,” East Usambara Conservation Area Management Programme Technical Paper 51, Frontier Tanzania: Forestry and Beekeeping Division and Metsähallitus Consulting, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Vantaa, Finland, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Gentry, “Changes in plant community diversity and floristic composition on environmental and geographical gradients,” Annals of Missouri Botanical Garden, vol. 75, pp. 1–34, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  16. P. Addo-Fordjour, S. Obeng, A. K. Anning, and M. G. Addo, “Floristic composition, structure and natural regeneration in a moist-semi deciduous forest following anthropogenic disturbances and plant invasion,” International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 021–037, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  17. N. D. Burgess and C. Muir, “Coastal forests of Eastern Africa: Biodiversity and Conservation,” in Proceedings of the Workshop held at the University of Dare s Salaam, Society for Environmental Exploration/Royal society for the protection of birds, Frontier, UK, August 1994.
  18. S. P. Rwamugira, Impact of mining on forest ecosystem and adjacent communities of Eastern Arc Mountains. A case study of Ruvu catchment forest reserve [M.S. thesis], Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2008.
  19. N. D. Burgess and G. P. Clarke, “The coastal forests of Eastern Africa,” IUCN: Cambridge and Gland, 2000.
  20. F. Wittmann, J. Schöngart, J. C. Montero et al., “Tree species composition and diversity gradients in white-water forests across the Amazon Basin,” Journal of Biogeography, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1334–1347, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Zegeye, D. Teketay, and E. Kelbessa, “Diversity, regeneration status and socio-economic importance of the vegetation in the islands of Lake Ziway, South-Central Ethiopia,” Flora, vol. 201, no. 6, pp. 483–498, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. J. Gotelli and R. K. Colwell, “Estimating species richness,” in Biological Diversity: Frontiers and Measurement and Assessment, A. E. Magurran and B. J. McGill, Eds., Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. A. Schwarz, T. J. Fahey, and C. E. McCulloch, “Factors controlling spatial variation of tree species abundance in a forested landscape,” Ecology, vol. 84, no. 7, pp. 1862–1878, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. S. Comita, R. Condit, and S. P. Hubbell, “Developmental changes in habitat associations of tropical trees,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 482–492, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. P. Hubbell, J. A. Ahumada, R. Condit, and R. B. Foster, “Local neighborhood effects on long-term survival of individual trees in a neotropical forest,” Ecological Research, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 859–875, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. C. Ingram, T. P. Dawson, and R. J. Whittaker, “Mapping tropical forest structure in southeastern Madagascar using remote sensing and artificial neural networks,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 491–507, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. Pardini, S. M. de Souza, R. Braga-Neto, and J. P. Metzger, “The role of forest structure, fragment size and corridors in maintaining small mammal abundance and diversity in an Atlantic forest landscape,” Biological Conservation, vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 253–266, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. C. Whitmore, An Introduction to Tropical Rainforests, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2nd edition, 1998.
  29. S. Hadi, T. Ziegler, M. Waltert, and J. K. Hodges, “Tree diversity and forest structure in northern Siberut, Mentawai islands, Indonesia,” Tropical Ecology, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 315–327, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Ahrends, Patterns of degradation in lowland coastal forests in coastal region Tanzania [M.S. thesis], Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University, Greifswald, Germay, 2005.
  31. R. B. Modest, S. L. S. Maganga, S. N. Hassan, S. B. Mariki, and M. Muganda, “Population structure and extraction of three commercial trees in Nguru ya Ndege forest reserve, Morogoro-Tanzania,” Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 41–48, 2010. View at Google Scholar