Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Biodiversity
Volume 2015, Article ID 610391, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/610391
Research Article

Phenotypic Diversity of Date Palm Cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.) from Sudan Estimated by Vegetative and Fruit Characteristics

1Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 101, 23053 Alnarp, Sweden
2Department of Research and Specialist Services, Seed Services Institute, Box CY550, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe

Received 25 September 2015; Accepted 13 December 2015

Academic Editor: Alexandre Sebbenn

Copyright © 2015 Mohammed Elsafy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. C. T. Chao and R. R. Krueger, “The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): overview of biology, uses, and cultivation,” HortScience, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1077–1082, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. Al-Shahib and R. J. Marshall, “The fruit of the date palm: it's possible use as the best food for the future?” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 247–259, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Elsafy, Study on the on-farm diversity of local date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) genetic resources in Northern region of Sudan [M.S. thesis], Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden, 2012.
  4. M. Elsafy, A. Zborowska, T. Bryngelsson, M. Fatih, C. Mujaju, and L. Garkava-Gustavsson, “Elucidating the genetic diversity of farmer cultivars of female date palms (Phoenix dactylifera L.) from Sudan by microsatellite markers,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, pp. 1–12, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Elshibli and H. Korpelainen, “Biodiversity of date palms (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Sudan: chemical, morphological and DNA polymorphisms of selected cultivars,” Plant Genetic Resources: Characterisation and Utilisation, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 194–203, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. A. Yousif, The Date Palm, vol. 1, Khartoum University Press, Khartoum, Sudan, 1995.
  7. A. M. Osman, “The performance of date palms in the Sudan,” Acta Horticulturae, vol. 143, pp. 231–238, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization Statistical Databases (FAOSTAT), 2014, http://faostat.fao.org.
  9. E. E. Ezebilo, M. Elsafi, and L. Garkava-Gustavsson, “On-farm diversity of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) in sudan: a potential genetic resources conservation strategy,” Sustainability, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 338–356, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Mohamed, H. R. Shabana, and E. A. Mawlod, “Evaluation and identification of Iraqi date cultivars: fruit characteristics of fifty cultivars,” Date Palm Journal, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 27–55, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  11. H. Bouabidi, M. Reynes, and M. B. Rouissi, “Critères de caractérisation des fruits de quelques cultivars de palmiers dattiers (Phoenix dactylifera L.) du Sud Tunisien,” Annales de l'Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie, vol. 69, pp. 73–87, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. Belguedj, Les Ressources Génétiques du Palmier-Dattier. Caractéristiques des Cultivars de Dattiers dans les Palmeraies du Sud-Est Algérien, INRAA, Oued Smar, Algeria, 2002.
  13. M. A. Elhoumaizi, M. Saaidi, A. Oihabi, and C. Cilas, “Phenotypic diversity of date-palm cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.) from Morocco,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 483–490, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Rizk and S. El Sharabasy, “Descriptors for date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) characterization and evaluation in genebanks,” American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 133–145, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  15. P. H. A. Sneth and R. R. Sokal, Numerical Taxonnomy, W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 1973.
  16. P. Dagnelie, Théorie et Méthodes Statistiques, vol. 1, Presse Agronomique de Gemblou, 6th edition, 1988.
  17. P. Legendre and L. Legendre, Numerical Ecology, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1998. View at MathSciNet
  18. J. Legrade, Initiation à l'Analyse des Données, Dunod Press, Paris, France, 1983.
  19. Addinsoft SARL, XLstat 2015: Leading Data Analysis and Statistical Solution for Microsoft Excel, Addinsoft SRL, 2015.
  20. A. Zaid and P. de Wet, “Climatic requirements of date palm,” in Date Palm Cultivation. FAO Plant Production and Protection, pp. 57–72, FAO, Rome, Italy, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  21. S. Elshibli and H. Korpelainen, “Excess heterozygosity and scarce genetic differentiation in the populations of Phoenix dactylifera L.: human impact or ecological determinants,” Plant Genetic Resources, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 95–104, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar