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International Journal of Biodiversity
Volume 2016, Article ID 7287563, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7287563
Research Article

Habitat Preferences of the Grey Parrot in Heterogeneous Vegetation Landscapes and Their Conservation Implications

1Laboratory of Applied Ecology and Biology, Department of Animal Biology, University of Dschang, BP 67, Dschang, Cameroon
2Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Mundemba, Cameroon
3WWF Korup Project, P.O. Box 111, Limbe, South West Region, Cameroon

Received 6 October 2015; Revised 30 December 2015; Accepted 3 January 2016

Academic Editor: Stephan Koblmüller

Copyright © 2016 Simon A. Tamungang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The wild Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus Linnaeus suffers from many habitat use challenges in the wake of extensive deforestation in its endemic range of West and Central African rainforests. To determine effects of these challenges on the bird species, seasonal densities of the Grey Parrot were determined using line transects in major heterogeneous vegetation types in the Korup Rainforest, south-western Cameroon. Results of the study highlight habitat preferences of this species on a seasonal base and under different situations of human activity intensity in the landscape. This information can be used to understand the causes of changes in the distribution and abundance of endangered species and also to determine sustainable conservation strategies. It is concluded that the parrot needs diverse vegetation types for survival in the wild state, as it depends on specific tree species for specific habitat resources such as food, roosts, security, and nests at specific periods of the year. Hence, the continuous survival of the Grey Parrot in the range states is not certain, if sustainable measures are not taken to conserve the parrot and its habitat resources both in and outside protected areas.