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International Journal of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 643680, 19 pages
Review Article

Converged Digital TV Services: The Role of Middleware and Future Directions of Interactive Television

School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK

Received 30 January 2009; Accepted 25 June 2009

Academic Editor: Maurizio Murroni

Copyright © 2009 Emmanuel Tsekleves et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The subject of the future of the interactive Television medium has become a topic of great interest to the academic and industrial communities particularly since in the recent years there has been a dramatic increase in the pace of innovation of convergence of digital TV systems and services. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of what we know as digital TV converged services, to present and categorise the digital Television middleware technologies that contributed to it, and to present possible future trends and directions. A new Television era of converged wireless and mobile content delivery, user-authored content, multimodal interaction, intelligent personalisation, smart space awareness, and 3D content sensations is foreseen, creating ambient and immersive experiences.