International Journal of Ecology / 2009 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Relating Plant Biodiversity in Forests with the Spatial Scale of Ecosystem Processes

Table 1

Ecological key parameters for an ecological series of close-to-nature European beech (Fagus sylvatica) forest ecosystem types of the Northern Central Europe compared to secondary Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) forest ecosystem types which substitute beech forest on large parts of the woodlands mainly in the Eastern lowland regions [7].

ParameterClose-to-nature European beech forest ecosystem types
Mercuriali-Fagetum sylvaticaeMelico-Fagetum sylvaticaeMilio-Fagetum sylvaticaeMajanthemo-Fagetum sylvaticae

Soil substratemarl, marly loamloamsandy loam, loamy sandsand
Soil nutrient statushypertrophic, carbonateeutrophicmeso- to eutrophicmesotrophic, meso- to oligotrophic
Humus typemullmull-like modermull-like moder to modermoder
(0–5 cm)10–1213–1516–1819–22
Site inde (m)
Ecosystem productivit (t/ha)

ParameterSecondary Scots pine forest ecosystem types
Rubo-Culto-Pinetum sylvestrisRubo-Avenello-Culto-Pin.sylv.Avenello-Culto-Pinetum sylvestris

Soil substrateloamsandy loam, loamy sandsand
Soil nutrient statuseutrophicmeso- to eutrophicmeso- to oligotrophic
Humus typemoderraw humus-like moderraw humus
(0–5 cm)20–2223–2527–29
Site inde (m)
Ecosystem productivit (t/ha)

Mean basal area height of trees at 100 years.
Maximum average net primary production of aboveground biomass (dry weight).

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