Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2015, Article ID 685816, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/685816
Research Article

Home Range, Diet, and Activity Patterns of Common Marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) in Very Small and Isolated Fragments of the Atlantic Forest of Northeastern Brazil

1Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia Animal (PPGBA), Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Rua Prof. Moraes Rego 1235, Cidade Universitária, 50.740-620 Recife, PE, Brazil
2Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Núcleo de Pesquisas de Roraima (NPRR), Rua Coronel Pinto 315, Centro, 69.301-150 Boa Vista, RR, Brazil

Received 28 April 2015; Revised 7 July 2015; Accepted 22 July 2015

Academic Editor: Daniel I. Rubenstein

Copyright © 2015 Herbert Leonardo Nascimento Pinheiro and Antonio Rossano Mendes Pontes. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. T. Prance, “Forest refuges: evidences from woody angiosperms,” in Biological Diversification in the Tropics, G. T. Prance, Ed., pp. 137–158, Columbia University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. M. C. Silva and C. H. M. Casteletti, “Status of the biodiversity of the Atlantic forest of Brazil,” in The Atlantic Forest of South America: Biodiversity Status, Threats and Outlook, C. Galindo-Leal and I. G. Câmara, Eds., pp. 43–59, Island Press and CABS, Washington, DC, USA, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. F. Stevenson and A. B. Rylands, “The marmosets, Genus Callithrix,” in Ecology and Behavoiur of Neotropical Primates—2, A. R. Mittermeier, A. B. Rylands, A. Coimbra-Filho, and B. A. G. Fonseca, Eds., pp. 349–353, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC, USA, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  4. C. Carnaval, M. J. Hickerson, C. F. B. Haddad, M. T. Rodrigues, and C. Moritz, “Stability predicts genetic diversity in the brazilian atlantic forest hotspot,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5915, pp. 785–789, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. V. M. Viana, A. J. Tabanez, and J. L. Batista, “Dynamics and restoration of forest fragments in the Brazilian Atlantic moist forest,” in Tropical Forest Remnants: Ecology, Management, and Conservation of Fragmented Communities, W. F. Laurance and R. O. Bierregaard Jr., Eds., pp. 351–365, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. M. C. Da Silva and M. Tabarelli, “Tree species impoverishment and the future flora of the Atlantic forest of northeast Brazil,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6773, pp. 72–74, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. A. Oliveira, A. S. Grillo, and M. Tabarelli, “Forest edge in the Brazilian Atlantic forest: drastic changes in tree species assemblages,” Oryx, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 389–394, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. A. Santos, C. A. Peres, M. A. Oliveira, A. Grillo, C. P. Alves-Costa, and M. Tabarelli, “Drastic erosion in functional attributes of tree assemblages in Atlantic forest fragments of northeastern Brazil,” Biological Conservation, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 249–260, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. R. Mendes Pontes, P. H. A. Peres, I. C. Normande, and C. M. Brazil, “Mamíferos,” in Diversidade Biológica e Conservação da Floresta Atlântica ao Norte do São Francisco, K. C. Porto, J. S. Almeida-Cortez, and M. Tabarelli, Eds., pp. 10–50, Ministério do Meio Ambiente—Série Biodiversidade, Brasília, Brazil, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  10. A. P. da Silva Jr. and A. R. Mendes Pontes, “The effect of a mega-fragmentation process on large mammal assemblages in the highly-threatened Pernambuco Endemism Centre, north-eastern Brazil,” Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1455–1464, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. B. Rylands and D. S. Faria, “Habitats, feeding ecology, and home range size in the genus Callithrix,” in Marmosets and Tamarins: Systematics, Behaviour, and Ecology, A. B. Rylands, Ed., pp. 262–272, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. R. M. Pontes and M. A. O. Monteiro da Cruz, “Home range, intergroup transfers, and reproductive status of common marmosets Callithrix jacchus in a forest fragment in North-Eastern Brazil,” Primates, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 335–347, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. R. M. Pontes and M. L. Soares, “Sleeping sites of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) in defaunated urban forest fragments: a strategy to maximize food intake,” Journal of Zoology, vol. 266, no. 1, pp. 55–63, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. F. Stevenson and A. B. Rylands, “The marmoset genus,” in Ecology and Behaviour of Neotropical Primates, R. A. Mittermeier, A. B. Rylands, A. F. Coimbra-Filho, and G. A. B. Fonseca, Eds., pp. 131–223, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC, USA, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  15. C. Alonso and A. Langguth, “Ecologia e comportamento de Callithix jacchus (Primates: Callitrichidae) numa ilha de floresta Atlântica,” Revista Nordestina de Biologia, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 105–137, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  16. J. M. Silva, J. R. Albuquerque, and M. A. Borstelmann, “Consumo de itens de origem vegetal por um grupo de Callithrix jacchus habitantes do Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos,” in Proceedings of the 10th Jornada de Ensino, Pesquisa e Extensão (JEPEX '10), pp. 18–20, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, 2010.
  17. W. Maier, C. Alonso, and A. Langguth, “Field observations on Callithrix jacchus jacchus L.,” Zeitschrift Saugetierkunde, vol. 47, pp. 334–346, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  18. K. C. S. Cavalcanti, Comportamento alimentar de Callithrix jacchus (Callitrichidae, Primates) em mata secundária e ambiente alterado [M.Phil. thesis], Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil, 2002.
  19. L. T. Nash, “Dietary, behavioral, and morphological aspects of gummivory in primates,” Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, vol. 29, pp. 113–137, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. L. Power, “Nutritional and digestive challenges to being a gum-feeding primate,” in The Evolution of Exudativory in Primates, A. M. Burrows and L. T. Nash, Eds., pp. 25–44, Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  21. S. F. Ferrari, The behaviour and ecology of the buffy-headed marmoset, Callithrix flaviceps (O. Thomas, 1903) [Ph.D. thesis], University College London, London, UK, 1988.
  22. S. F. Ferrari and A. B. Rylands, “Activity budgets and differential visibility in field studies of three marmosets (Callithrix spp.),” Folia Primatologica, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 78–83, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. H. K. M. Corrêa, P. E. G. Coutinho, and S. F. Ferrari, “Between-year differences in the feeding ecology of highland marmosets (Callithrix aurita and Callithrix flaviceps) in south-eastern Brazil,” Journal of Zoology, vol. 252, no. 4, pp. 421–427, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. F. Ferrari, H. K. M. Corrêa, and P. E. G. Coutinho, “Ecology of the ‘Southern’ marmosets (Callithrix aurita and Callithrix flaviceps): how different, how similar?” in Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates, M. A. Norconk, A. L. Rosenberger, and P. A. Garber, Eds., pp. 157–172, Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  25. M. M. Martins, “Feeding ecology of Callithrix aurita in a forest fragment of Minas Gerais,” Neotropical Primates, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 126–127, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  26. M. M. Martins and E. Z. F. Setz, “Diet of buffy tufted-eared marmosets (Callithrix aurita) in a forest fragment in southeastern Brazil,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 467–476, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. C. Melo, M. A. O. M. da Cruz, and Z. F. Fernandez, “Composição química de exsudatos explorados pelo Callithrix jacchus e sua relação com a marcação de cheiro,” in A Primatologia no Brasil—4, M. B. C. Souza and A. A. L. Menezes, Eds., pp. 43–53, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  28. L. J. Digby and C. Barreto, “Activity and ranging patterns in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus),” in Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates, M. A. Norconk, A. L. Rosenberger, and P. A. Garber, Eds., pp. 173–186, Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  29. M. C. Nascimento, Influência da presença dos filhotes e do tamanho do grupo nas atividades de um grupo silvestre de sagüis (Callithrix jacchus) [M.Phil thesis], Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil, 1997.
  30. I. G. Martins, Padrão de Atividades do Sagüi Callithrix jacchus numa Área de Caatinga [M.Phil. thesis], Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil, 2007.
  31. B. E. Raboy, G. R. Canale, and J. M. Dietz, “Ecology of Callithrix kuhlii and a review of eastern Brazilian marmosets,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 449–467, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Abbehusen, R. M. L. Silva, and C. E. Barreto, “Dieta e área de uso do sagüi-da-cara-branca (Callithrix geoffroyi) em Porto Seguro, Bahia,” in A Primatologia no Brasil—10, J. C. Bicca-Marques, Ed., pp. 375–385, Sociedade Brasileira de Primatologia, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  33. G. A. B. da Fonseca and T. E. Lacher Jr., “Exudate-feeding by Callithrix jacchus penicillata in semideciduous woodland (Cerradão) in central Brazil,” Primates, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 441–449, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. V. A. David, Padrão de atividades, ecologia alimentar e área de vida em um grupo de Callithrix penicillata (HUMBOLDT, 1812) (Primates, Callitrichidae) (Sagui de tufos pretos) [Ph.D. thesis], Universidade Estadual Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil, 2005.
  35. R. C. Hubrecht, “Home-range size and use and territorial behavior in the common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus jacchus, at the tapacura field station, recife, Brazil,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 533–550, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. C. S. Castro, A. A. Araújo, and C. Alho, “Influência da distribuição e disponibilidade de frutos na dieta e uso do espaço em sagüis-do-Nordeste (Callithrix jacchus),” in A Primatologia no Brasil—7, C. Alonso and A. Langguth, Eds., pp. 65–80, Federal University of Paraíba, Paraíba, Brazil, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  37. L. J. Digby and C. E. Barreto, “Social organization in a wild population of Callithrix jacchus,” Folia Primatologica, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 123–134, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. E. Scanlon, N. R. Chalmers, and M. A. O. Monteiro-da-Cruz, “Home range use and the exploitation of gum in the marmoset Callithrix jacchus jacchus,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 123–136, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. C. C. Cabral, Uso da área domiciliar de um grupo de Callithix jacchus (Callithrichidae, Primates) na Estação Ecológica do Tapacurá—Pernambuco, Brazil [B.Sc. thesis], Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, 1989.
  40. A. B. Rylands, “Sympatric Brazilian callitrichids: the black tufted-ear marmoset, Callithrix kuhli and the golden-headed lion tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysomelas,” Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 679–695, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. A. T. Oliveira-Filho and M. A. L. Fontes, “Patterns of floristic differentiation among atlantic forests in southeastern Brazil and the influence of climate,” Biotropica, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 793–810, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Centro de Previsão do Tempo e Estudos Climáticos (CPTEC), “Precipitação climática,” CPTEC, 2011, http://clima1.cptec.inpe.br/monitoramentobrasil/pt.
  43. M. E. Yamamoto, “Comportamento social do Gênero Callithrix em cativeiro,” in A Primatologia no Brasil—3, A. B. Rylands and A. T. Bernardes, Eds., pp. 63–81, Sociedade Brasileira de Primatologia and Fundação Biodiversitas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  44. D. Muller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1974.
  45. G. J. Shepherd, Fitopac—Manual do Usuário, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil, 2006.
  46. J. Altmann, “Observational study of behavior: sampling methods,” Behaviour, vol. 49, no. 3-4, pp. 227–267, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. J. G. Kie, J. A. Baldwin, and C. J. Evans, “Calhome: a program for estimating animal home ranges,” Wildlife Society Bulletin, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 342–344, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. P. H. Asfora and A. R. M. Pontes, “The small mammals of the highly impacted North-eastern Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Pernambuco Endemism Center,” Biota Neotropica, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 31–35, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. A. R. Mendes Pontes, Amazonia and Other Forests of Brazil, Janus Publishing, London, UK, 2009.
  50. C. E. Scalon, M. A. O. Monteiro da Cruz, and A. B. Rylands, “Exploração de exsudatos vegetais pelo sagui-comum, Callithrix jacchus,” in A Primatologia no Brasi—3, A. B. Rylands and A. T. Bernardes, Eds., p. 197, Sociedade Brasileira de Primatologia and Fundação Biodiversitas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  51. K. C. S. Veríssimo, Área domiciliar e utilização de recursos alimentares por saguis, Callithrix jacchus na Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural (RPPN) Nossa Senhora do Outeiro de Maracaípe, Ipojuca-PE [M.Phil. thesis], Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, 2007.
  52. A. Odalia-Rímoli, K. C. Cazzadore, and J. J. Rímoli, “Comportamento alimentar do sagüi-de-tufo-preto (Callithrix penicillata É. Geoffroy, 1812; Cebidae, Callitrichinae, Primates) em um fragmento urbano de cerrado, MS,” in X Congresso Brasileiro de Primatologia, p. 83, Pará, Brazil, November 2002.