Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3828609, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3828609
Research Article

Sacred Groves: Myths, Beliefs, and Biodiversity Conservation—A Case Study from Western Himalaya, India

1Department of Environmental Sciences, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand 246174, India
2Centre for Environmental Science and Technology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, Punjab 151001, India
3Department of Botany and Microbiology, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand 246174, India
4Saving Knowledge, Casilla 13092, La Paz, Bolivia

Correspondence should be addressed to Zubair A. Malik; moc.liamg@180riabuzmkilam

Received 20 July 2017; Accepted 7 September 2017; Published 31 October 2017

Academic Editor: Béla Tóthmérész

Copyright © 2017 Sushma Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. S. Kandari, V. K. Bisht, M. Bhardwaj, and A. K. Thakur, “Conservation and management of sacred groves, myths and beliefs of tribal communities: a case study from north-India,” Environmental Systems Research, vol. 3, no. 1, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. D. J. Hughes and S. M. D. Chandran, Paper Presented in the Workshop on the Role of Sacred Groves in Conservation and Management of Biological Resources, KFRI, Peechi, India, 1997, Paper presented in the workshop on, the role of sacred groves in conservation and management of biological resources.
  3. A. K. M. N. Islam, M. A. Islam, and A. E. Hoque, “Species composition of sacred groves, their diversity and conservation in Bangladesh,” in Conserving the Sacred for Biodiversity Management, P. S. Ramakrishnan, Ed., pp. 163–165, KG Saxena & UM Chandrashekara, (UNESCO and Oxford-IBH Publishing), New Delhi, India, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  4. K. C. Malhotra, Y. Gokhale, S. Chatterjee, and S. Srivastava, “Sacred groves in India,” in Proceedings of the Aryan Books International, p. 108, New Delhi, India, 2007.
  5. R. Ray and T. V. Ramachandra, “Small sacred groves in local landscape: are they really worthy for conservation?” Current Science, vol. 98, no. 9, pp. 1178–1180, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Singh, T. Husain, and P. Agnihotri, “Haat Kali sacred grove, Central Himalaya, Uttarakhand,” Current Science, vol. 98, no. 3, p. 290, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. L. Khan, A. D. Khumbongmayum, and R. S. Tripathi, “The sacred groves and their significance in conserving biodiversity an overview,” International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 277–291, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. K. Agrawala, Working plan for the Kedarnath Forest Division 1972-73 to 1981-82, Working plan circle, Nainital, Uttar Pradesh, India, 1973.
  9. R. K. Gupta, “Forest types of the Garhwal Himalaya in relation to edaphic and geological formations,” Indian Forestor, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 147–160, 1964. View at Google Scholar
  10. Z. A. Malik and M. C. Nautiyal, “Species richness and diversity along the altitudinal gradient in Tungnath, the Himalayan benchmark site of HIMADRI,” Tropical Plant Research, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 396–407, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  11. A. D. Banjo, G. A. Otufale, O. L. Abatan, and E. A. Banjo, “Taboo as a means of plant and animal conservation in South-Western Nigeria: a case study of Ogbe river and its basin,” World Applied Sciences Journal, vol. 1, pp. 39–43, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. Anthwal, N. Gupta, A. Sharma, S. Anthwal, and K.-H. Kim, “Conserving biodiversity through traditional beliefs in sacred groves in Uttarakhand Himalaya, India,” Resources, Conservation & Recycling, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 962–971, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Colding and C. Folke, “The relations among threatened species, their protection, and taboos,” Ecology and Society, vol. 1, no. 1, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Anthwal, R. C. Sharma, and A. Sharma, “Sacred groves: traditional way of conserving plant diversity in Garhwal Himalaya, Uttaranchal,” Journal of American Science, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 35–38, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  15. C. P. Kala, P. P. Dhyani, and B. S. Sajwan, “Developing the medicinal plants sector in northern India: challenges and opportunities,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 2, article 32, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. S. Silori and R. Badola, “Medicinal plant cultivation and sustainable development: A case study in the buffer zone of the Nanda Devi biosphere reserve, Western Himalaya, India,” Mountain Research and Development, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 272–279, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Z. A. Malik, J. A. Bhat, R. Ballabha, R. W. Bussmann, and A. B. Bhatt, “Ethnomedicinal plants traditionally used in health care practices by inhabitants of Western Himalaya,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 172, article no. 9563, pp. 133–144, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Z. A. Malik, R. Pandey, and A. B. Bhatt, “Anthropogenic disturbances and their impact on vegetation in Western Himalaya, India,” Journal of Mountain Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 69–82, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Z. A. Malik, J. A. Bhat, and A. B. Bhatt, “Forest resource use pattern in Kedarnath wildlife sanctuary and its fringe areas (a case study from Western Himalaya, India),” Energy Policy, vol. 67, pp. 138–145, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Sinha and R. K. Maikhuri, “Conservation through socio‐cultural‐religious practice in Garhwal Himalaya: A case study of Hariyali sacred site,” in Conserving the Sacred for Biodiversity Management, P. Ramakrishnan, K. G. Saxena, and U. M. Chandrashekhara, Eds., 299, p. 289, Oxford and IBH Publishing, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  21. S. Sunitha and R. P. Rao, “Sacred groves in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh,” in Biodiversity, Taxonomy and Conservation of Flowering Plants, M. Sivadasan and P. Mathew, Eds., pp. 367–373, Mentor Books, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  22. R. Basu, “Studies on sacred groves and taboos in Purulia District of West Bengal,” Indian Forester, vol. 126, no. 12, pp. 1309–1318, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. G. Kushalapa, S. A. Bhagwat, and K. A. Kushalapa, “Conservation and management of sacred groves of Hodagu, Karnataka, South India-a unique approach in,” in Tropical Ecosystems: Structure. Diversity and Human Welfare, K. N. Ganeshaiah, U. R. Shaanker, and K. S. Bawa, Eds., pp. 565–569, Oxford IBH Publishing, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  24. S. A. Bhagwat, C. G. Kushalappa, P. H. Williams, and N. D. Brown, “A landscape approach to biodiversity conservation of sacred groves in the Western Ghats of India,” Conservation Biology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1853–1862, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. Jaryan, S. K. Uniyal, Gopichand et al., “Role of traditional conservation practice: Highlighting the importance of Shivbari sacred grove in biodiversity conservation,” Environmentalist, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 101–110, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Kala and A. Sharma, “Traditional Indian beliefs: A key toward sustainable living,” Environmentalist, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 85–89, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Z. A. Malik, Phytosociological behavoiur, anthropogenic disturbances and regeneration status along an altitudinal gradient in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary (KWLS) and its adjoining areas [Ph.D. thesis], HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar Uttarakhand, Uttarakhand, India, 2014.