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International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 1219374, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1219374
Research Article

Forest Structure and the Species Composition of the Parque Estadual Mata Atlântica, Located in Goiás State, Brazil

1Universidade Estadual de Goiás (UEG), Câmpus Ipameri, Ipameri, GO, Brazil
2Department de Botânica, Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Avenida Esperança, S/N, Câmpus Samambaia (Campus II), Goiânia, GO, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Ismael Martins Pereira; moc.liamg@gfupmleamsi

Received 22 August 2017; Accepted 10 December 2017; Published 15 January 2018

Academic Editor: L. M. Chu

Copyright © 2018 Ismael Martins Pereira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Parque Estadual Mata Atlântica (PEMA), Goiás state, Brazil, is an Atlantic Forest reserve which has not been studied yet. The aims were to investigate plant biodiversity and characterize the flora to support the management plan. We adopt the point-centered quarter method to inventory the tree-shrub and lianas with the diameter at breast height more than or equal to 5 cm. The study was performed through 1.86 km of transect with 187 sampled points. We sampled 748 individuals and identified 109 species, 82 genera, and 51 families. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index was 3.97, and Pielou’s evenness was 0.846, both considered high. The Fabaceae family was the most diverse with 20 species. Aspidosperma polyneuron, an endangered tree species, had greater relative dominance and importance value. The floristic similarity analysis indicated that the PEMA vegetation belongs to the seasonal forest, currently very fragmented and degraded. Due to several anthropogenic threats, we suggest the following recommendations: prevent the exploitation of species, avoid hunting, control invasive grasses, prevent forest fires, and promote environmental education. This study demonstrates the importance of PEMA for species conservation. Therefore, this study is essential for the development of management plan and the conservation of PEMA biodiversity.