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International Journal of Engineering Mathematics
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 287623, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/287623
Research Article

Mixed Convection Flow of Magnetic Viscoelastic Polymer from a Nonisothermal Wedge with Biot Number Effects

1Department of Mathematics, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur, Anantapur 515002, India
2Department of Mathematics, Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science, Madanapalle 517325, India
3Gort Engovation Research (Aerospace and Medical Engineering), 11 Rooley Corft, Bradford BD6 1FA, UK

Received 4 May 2015; Revised 5 September 2015; Accepted 6 September 2015

Academic Editor: Josè A. Tenereiro Machado

Copyright © 2015 S. Abdul Gaffar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Magnetic polymers are finding increasing applications in diverse fields of chemical and mechanical engineering. In this paper, we investigate the nonlinear steady boundary layer flow and heat transfer of such fluids from a nonisothermal wedge. The incompressible Eyring-Powell non-Newtonian fluid model is employed and a magnetohydrodynamic body force is included in the simulation. The transformed conservation equations are solved numerically subject to physically appropriate boundary conditions using a second-order accurate implicit finite difference Keller Box technique. The numerical code is validated with previous studies. The influence of a number of emerging nondimensional parameters, namely, the Eyring-Powell rheological fluid parameter (), local non-Newtonian parameter based on length scale (), Prandtl number (Pr), Biot number (), pressure gradient parameter (), magnetic parameter (), mixed convection parameter (), and dimensionless tangential coordinate (), on velocity and temperature evolution in the boundary layer regime is examined in detail. Furthermore, the effects of these parameters on surface heat transfer rate and local skin friction are also investigated.