Table of Contents
International Journal of Family Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 174532, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/174532
Clinical Study

Comparing the Effects of Dietary Flaxseed and Omega-3 Fatty Acids Supplement on Cyclical Mastalgia in Iranian Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial

1Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Midwifery, Fatemeh (P.B.U.H) School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 71345-1359, Shiraz 71936 13119, Iran
2Student Research Committee, Fatemeh (P.B.U.H) School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 71345-1359, Shiraz 71936 13119, Iran
3Infertility Research Center, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 71345-1359, Shiraz 71936 13119, Iran
4School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 71345-1359, Shiraz 71936 13119, Iran
5Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 71345-1359, Shiraz 71936 13119, Iran
6Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Infertility Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 71345-1359, Shiraz 71936 13119, Iran

Received 7 May 2014; Revised 17 July 2014; Accepted 18 July 2014; Published 13 August 2014

Academic Editor: Hagen Sandholzer

Copyright © 2014 Farideh Vaziri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Considering the negative side effects of chemical drugs, there is a great need for effective alternative treatment strategies to manage cyclical mastalgia. Therefore, this study aimed at comparing the effects of flaxseed diet and omega-3 fatty acids supplement on treatment of cyclical mastalgia. In this study, 61, 60, and 60 women, respectively, received flaxseed as bread, omega-3 fatty acids as pearl, and wheat bread as their diet for two menstrual cycles. At the baseline cycle and end of both interventional cycles, intensity of mastalgia was measured using visual analogue scale. Analysis of covariance showed a significant difference among the three groups regarding the mean intensity of cyclical mastalgia in the first and second cycles of the interventions (). Also, repeated measures analysis of covariance with adjustment of two variables of age and mastalgia intensity of the baseline cycle demonstrated that flaxseed bread was more effective compared to omega-3 and wheat bread (). The results of this study demonstrated that flaxseed bread diet was an effective approach in decreasing cyclical mastalgia and could be prescribed to women as a simple treatment with few complications.