Table of Contents
International Journal of Mineralogy
Volume 2014, Article ID 978793, 8 pages
Research Article

First Report of Florencite from the Singhbhum Shear Zone of the East Indian Craton

1Department of Geological Sciences, Jadavpur University, Raja SC Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032, India
2Department of Geology, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata 700019, India

Received 29 June 2013; Accepted 6 November 2013; Published 3 February 2014

Academic Editors: M. Arima, E. Belluso, M. M. Jordán Vidal, and L. N. Warr

Copyright © 2014 Maitrayee Chakraborty et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Metamorphic florencite is being reported from kyanite-rich rocks from the eastern part of the Palaeo- to Mesoproterozoic Singhbhum shear zone. This is the first report of florencite from the Precambrian rocks of the Indian Shield. Host rock of florencite is a kyanite-rich rock (>80  vol%) with small and variable amounts of quartz, lazulite, augelite, and rutile. Florencite forms small (<20 microns) idioblastic-to-subhedral crystals that are included in large kyanite grains. Rarely, florencite replaces kyanite. The florencite has small proportion of crandallite (8.7–11.8 mol%) and goyazite (<2 mol%) components. Florencite of this study is dominated by Ce (~49 mol%) with significant La (~30 mol%) and Nd (~21 mol%). Compared to other florencite occurrences of the world, florencite of the studied rock is impoverished in S, Sr, and Ba and rich in P. Stability of the assemblage florencite-kyanite-augelite-lazulite and the quantitative thermobarometry in the adjoining rocks suggest that florencite was formed during Palaeoproterozoic metamorphism that culminated at the range of and  kbar. Integrating all the geological features it is postulated that florencite was formed due to metasomatism of some aluminous protolith by infiltration of acidic fluids charged with and LREE.