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International Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 905981, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/905981
Research Article

Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Achiral Indole-Substituted Titanocene Dichloride Derivatives

Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, Centre for Synthesis and Chemical Biology (CSCB), UCD School of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland

Received 19 December 2011; Revised 15 March 2012; Accepted 15 March 2012

Academic Editor: Hussein El-Subbagh

Copyright © 2012 Anthony Deally et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Six new titanocene compounds have been isolated and characterised. These compounds were synthesised from their fulvene precursors using Super Hydride (LiBEt3H) followed by transmetallation with titanium tetrachloride to yield the corresponding titanocene dichloride derivatives. These complexes are bis-[((1-methyl-3-diethylaminomethyl)indol-2-yl)methylcyclopentadienyl] titanium (IV) dichloride (5a), bis-[((5-methoxy-1-methyl,3-diethylaminomethyl)indol-2-yl)methylcyclopentadienyl] titanium (IV) dichloride (5b), bis-[((1-methyl,3-diethylaminomethyl)indol-4-yl)methylcyclopentadienyl] titanium (IV) dichloride (5c), bis-[((5-bromo-1-methyl)indol-3-yl)methylcyclopentadienyl] titanium (IV) dichloride (5d), bis-[((5-chloro-1-methyl)indol-3-yl)methylcyclopentadienyl] titanium (IV) dichloride (5e), and bis-[((5-fluoro-1-methyl)indol-3-yl)methylcyclopentadienyl] titanium (IV) dichloride (5f). All six titanocenes 5a–5f were tested for their cytotoxicity through MTT-based in vitro tests on CAKI-1 cell lines using DMSO and Soluphor P as solubilising agents in order to determine their IC50 values. Titanocenes 5a–5f were found to have IC50 values of 10 (±2), 21 (±3), 29 (±4), 140 (±6), and 450 (±10) μM when tested using DMSO.