Table of Contents
International Journal of Metals
Volume 2013, Article ID 757049, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/757049
Research Article

Optimization of Conversion Treatment on Austenitic Stainless Steel Using Experimental Designs

1Laboratoire de Spectroscopie, Modélisation Moléculaire, Matériaux et Environnement (LS3ME), Faculté des Sciences, Université Med V-Agdal, Avenu Ibn Battouta, BP 1014, Rabat, Morocco
2CIRIMAT-LCMIE, Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31064 Toulouse Cedex 4, France

Received 27 August 2013; Accepted 17 November 2013

Academic Editor: Chi Tat Kwok

Copyright © 2013 S. El Hajjaji et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Álvarez, A. Collazo, A. Covelo, X. R. Nóvoa, and C. Pérez, “The electrochemical behaviour of sol-gel hybrid coatings applied on AA2024-T3 alloy: effect of the metallic surface treatment,” Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 175–183, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. Y. Song, D. Shan, R. Chen, F. Zhang, and E. Han, “A novel phosphate conversion film on Mg-8.8Li alloy,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 203, no. 9, pp. 1107–1113, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. A. Zuleta, E. Correa, C. Villada, M. Sepúlveda, J. G. Castaño, and F. Echeverría, “Comparative study of different environmentally friendly (Chromium-free) methods for surface modification of pure magnesium,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 205, no. 23-24, pp. 5254–5259, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. L. Bamoulid, M. T. Maurette, D. De Caro et al., “Investigations on composition and morphology of electrochemical conversion layer/titanium dioxide deposit on stainless steel,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 201, no. 6, pp. 2791–2795, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Bamoulid, M.-T. Maurette, D. De Caro et al., “An efficient protection of stainless steel against corrosion: combination of a conversion layer and titanium dioxide deposit,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 202, no. 20, pp. 5020–5026, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. El Hajjaji, M. El Alaoui, P. Simon et al., “Preparation and characterization of electrolytic alumina deposit on austenitic stainless steel,” Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 519–524, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Lgamri, A. Guenbour, A. Ben Bachir, S. El Hajjaji, and L. Aries, “Characterisation of electrolytically deposited alumina and yttrium modified alumina coatings on steel,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 162, no. 2-3, pp. 154–160, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Komla, L. Aries, B. Naboulsi, and J. P. Traverse, “Texture of selective surfaces for photothermal conversion,” Solar Energy Materials, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 281–292, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. El Hajjaji, A. Lgamri, E. Puech-Costes, A. Guenbour, A. Ben Bachir, and L. Aries, “Optimization of conversion coatings: study of the influence of parameters with experimental designs,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 165, no. 2, pp. 184–192, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. El Hajjaji, A. Guenbour, A. Ben Bachir, and L. Aries, “Effect of treatment baths nature on the characteristics of conversion coatings modified by electrolytic alumina deposits,” Corrosion Science, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 941–956, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. E. P. Box, W. G. Hunter, and J. S. Hunter, Statistics for Experimenters: An Introduction to Design, Data Analysis and Model Building, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1978.
  12. D. Mathieu and R. Phan-Tan-Luu, NEMROD Software, LPRAI, Marseille, France, 1995.
  13. D. H. Doehler, “Uniform shell designs,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society C, vol. 19, pp. 231–239, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. D. H. Doehlert and V. L. Klee, “Experimental designs through level reduction of the d-dimensional cuboctahedron,” Discrete Mathematics, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 309–334, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Splendley, G. R. Hext, and F. R. Himsworth, “Sequential application of simplex design of optimization and evolutionary operations,” Technometrics, vol. 4, pp. 441–461, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. A. Le Mehauté and G. Crepy, “Introduction to transfer and motion in fractal media: the geometry of kinetics,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 9-10, pp. 17–30, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. M. Keddam and H. Takenouti, “Impedance of fractal interfaces : new data on the Von Koch model,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 33, pp. 445–448, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. A. J. Bard and L. R. Faulkner, Electrochimie, Masson, Paris, France, 1983.
  19. L. Nyikos and T. Pajkossy, “Fractal dimension and fractional power frequency-dependent impedance of blocking electrodes,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 30, pp. 1533–1540, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. T. Pajkossy and L. Nyikos, “Impedance of fractal blocking electrodes,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, vol. 133, no. 10, pp. 2061–2064, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  21. S. H. Liu, “Fractal model for the ac response of a rough interface,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 529–532, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar