Table of Contents
International Journal of Metals
Volume 2014, Article ID 126103, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/126103
Research Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Efficient Nickel Nanocatalysts and Their Use in Degradation of Organic Dyes

1National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan
2Interface Analysis Centre, School of Physics, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK
3Department of Pharmacy, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University, Larkana 77150, Pakistan

Received 10 October 2013; Revised 4 January 2014; Accepted 9 January 2014; Published 27 February 2014

Academic Editor: Sepperumal Murugesan

Copyright © 2014 Nazar Hussain Kalwar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study describes the synthesis of highly active and ordered structures of nickel nanocatalysts by a facile, green, and economically viable approach. The study reveals efficient catalytic activity for the degradation of a number of toxic organic dyes, such as eosin-B (EB), rose bengal (RB), eriochrome black-T (ECBT), and methylene blue (MB). The stable ordered nickel nanostructure (Ni NSs) arrays were prepared via a modified hydrazine reduction route with unique and controlled morphologies in a lyotropic liquid crystalline medium using a nonionic surfactant (Triton X-100). Characterization and optimization studies for the fabricated Ni NSs involving their surface binding interactions, size, and morphologies were carried out using UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).