Table of Contents
Indian Journal of Materials Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 516021, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/516021
Research Article

Preparation and Characterization of Poly(vinyl alcohol)-chondroitin Sulphate Hydrogel as Scaffolds for Articular Cartilage Regeneration

1Nanomedical Research Centre, ISF College of Pharmacy, VPO-Ghal Kalan, Ferozepur G.T. Road, Moga, Punjab 142001, India
2Department of Pharmacology, ISF College of Pharmacy, VPO-Ghal Kalan, Ferozepur G.T. Road, Moga, Punjab 142001, India

Received 31 July 2013; Accepted 19 September 2013

Academic Editors: A. Bhattacharyya and S. Dhara

Copyright © 2013 Shivani Nanda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Cabodi, N. W. Choi, J. P. Gleghorn, C. S. D. Lee, L. J. Bonassar, and A. D. Stroock, “A microfluidic biomaterial,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 40, pp. 13788–13789, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. S. Jhon and J. D. Andrade, “Water and hydrogels,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 509–522, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. J. Bryant and K. S. Anseth, “The effects of scaffold thickness on tissue engineered cartilage in photocrosslinked poly(ethylene oxide) hydrogels,” Biomaterials, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 619–626, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. S. Hoffman, “Hydrogels for biomedical applications,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 944, pp. 62–73, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. A. Connell, J. Pike, G. Koulouris, N. Van Wettering, and G. Hoy, “MR imaging of thumb carpometacarpal joint ligament injuries,” Journal of Hand Surgery, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 46–54, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Martou, K. Veltri, and A. Thoma, “Surgical treatment of osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb: a systematic review,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 421–432, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Huang and D. E. Ingber, “The structural and mechanical complexity of cell-growth control,” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. E131–E138, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. J. Almarza and K. A. Athanasiou, “Design characteristics for the tissue engineering of cartilaginous tissues,” Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 2–17, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. V. F. Sechriest, Y. J. Miao, C. Niyibizi, A. W. Larson, H. W. Matthew, and C. H. Evans, “GAG-augmented polysaccharide hydrogel: a novel biocompatible and biodegradable material to support chondrogenesis,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 49, pp. 534–541, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  10. F. Allemann, S. Mizuno, K. Eid, K. E. Yates, D. Zaleske, and J. Glowacki, “Effects of hyaluronan on engineered articular cartilage extracellular matrix gene expression in 3-dimensional collagen scaffolds,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 55, pp. 13–19, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  11. G. P. Dowthwaite, J. C. W. Edwards, and A. A. Pitsillides, “An essential role for the interaction between hyaluronan and hyaluronan binding proteins during joint development,” Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 641–651, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Y. Lee and D. J. Mooney, “Hydrogels for tissue engineering,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 101, no. 7, pp. 1869–1879, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. Masci, I. Husu, S. Murtas, A. Piozzi, and V. Crescenzi, “Physical hydrogels of poly(vinyl alcohol) with different syndiotacticity prepared in the presence of lactosilated chitosan derivatives,” Macromolecular Bioscience, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 455–461, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Langer and D. A. Tirrell, “Designing materials for biology and medicine,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6982, pp. 487–492, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B.-S. Kim and D. J. Mooney, “Development of biocompatible synthetic extracellular matrices for tissue engineering,” Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 224–229, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Varshosaz and N. Koopaie, “Cross-linked poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogel: study of swelling and drug release behaviour,” Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition), vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 123–131, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Pal, A. K. Banthia, and D. K. Majumdar, “Preparation and characterization of polyvinyl alcohol gelatin hydrogel: membranes for biomedical applications,” Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, vol. 8, pp. 198–211, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. Jaswal and V. Koul, “Assessment of multicomponent hydrogel scaffolds of poly(acrylic acid-2-hydroxy ethyl methacrylate)/gelatin for tissue engineering applications,” Journal of Biomaterials Applications, vol. 21, pp. 1–14, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  19. R. A. Gemeinhart, J. Chen, H. Park, and K. Park, “PH-sensitivity of fast responsive superporous hydrogels,” Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1371–1380, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. N. New, T. Furuike, and H. Tamura, “The mechanical and biological properties of chitosan scaffolds for tissue regeneration,” Materials, vol. 2, pp. 374–398, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  21. X. Li, W. Bian, D. Li, Q. Lian, and Z. Jin, “Fabrication of porous beta-tricalcium phosphate with microchannel and customized geometry based on gel-casting and rapid prototyping,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers H, vol. 225, no. 3, pp. 315–323, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. D. Agostino, A. L. Gatta, T. Busico, M. D. Rosa, and C. Schiraldi, “Semi-interpenetrated hydrogels composed of PVA and hyaluronan orchondroitin sulphate: chemico-physical and biological characterization,” Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials, vol. 2, pp. 21–28, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  23. H.-W. Kim, J. C. Knowles, and H.-E. Kim, “Hydroxyapatite/poly(ε-caprolactone) composite coatings on hydroxyapatite porous bone scaffold for drug delivery,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 7-8, pp. 1279–1287, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Zhang, “Fabrication of novel biomaterials through molecular self-assembly,” Nature Biotechnology, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 1171–1178, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Huanbutta, K. Terada, P. Sriamornsak, and J. Nunthanid, “Advanced technologies for assessment of polymer swelling and erosion behaviors in pharmaceutical aspect,” European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, vol. 83, pp. 315–321, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. M. Malmonge, C. A. C. Zavaglia, and W. D. Belangero, “Biomechanical and histological evaluation of hydrogel implants in articular cartilage,” Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 307–312, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus