Table of Contents
Indian Journal of Materials Science
Volume 2015, Article ID 601827, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/601827
Review Article

Influencing Parameters in the Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Effluent via Nanometal Oxide Catalyst: A Review

Department of Chemical Engineering, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore 641 014, India

Received 26 May 2015; Accepted 2 September 2015

Academic Editor: Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh

Copyright © 2015 A. Gnanaprakasam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper aims to review the recent works on the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in the presence of nanophotocatalyst. In this regard the effects of operation parameters which could influence the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants (such as catalyst preparation method, initial concentration of organic pollutants, presence of doping, catalyst loading, calcinations temperature, pH, presence of oxidants, UV intensity, temperature, and presence of supports) are discussed. Recent research suggests that the parameters mentioned above have great influence on the photocatalytic activity of prepared nanocatalyst. Also, the general mechanism of photocatalytic degradation and some recent synthesis methods are discussed here.