Table of Contents
Indian Journal of Materials Science
Volume 2015, Article ID 845065, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/845065
Research Article

Synthesis and Optical Characterization of Europium Doped MY2O4 (M = Mg, Ca, and Sr) Nanophosphors for Solid State Lightening Applications

1Department of Chemistry, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana 124001, India
2Departamento de Física, Universidade do Minho, Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal

Received 31 May 2015; Revised 29 July 2015; Accepted 30 July 2015

Academic Editor: Harvey Amorín

Copyright © 2015 Devender Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J.-H. Gwak, S. H. Park, J. E. Jang et al., “Synthesis and modification of red oxide phosphors for low voltage excitation,” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B:, vol. 18, article 1101, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Wakefied, E. Holland, P. J. Dobson, and J. L. Hutchison, “Luminescence properties of nanocrystalline Y2O3:Eu,” Advanced Materials, vol. 13, no. 20, pp. 1557–1560, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, and J. Lin, “Host-sensitized luminescence of Dy3+, Pr3+, Tb3+ in polycrystalline SrIn2O4 for field emission displays,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. J21–J27, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. P. Psuja, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, “Rare-earth doped nanocrystalline phosphors for field emission displays,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2007, Article ID 81350, 7 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. Jüstel, J.-C. Krupa, and D. U. Wiechert, “VUV spectroscopy of luminescent materials for plasma display panels and Xe discharge lamps,” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 179–189, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. H. A. Höppe, “Recent developments in the field of inorganic phosphors,” Angewandte Chemie—International Edition, vol. 48, no. 20, pp. 3572–3582, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: a yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 84, no. 26, pp. 5404–5406, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Q. Dai, M. E. Foley, C. J. Breshike, A. Lita, and G. F. Strouse, “Ligand-passivated Eu:Y2O3 nanocrystals as a phosphor for white light emitting diodes,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 133, no. 39, pp. 15475–15486, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Q. Tang, Z. P. Liu, S. Y. Li, S. Y. Zhang, X. M. Liu, and Y. T. Qian, “Synthesis of yttrium hydroxide and oxide nanotubes,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 259, no. 1-2, pp. 208–214, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, and J. Lin, “Host-sensitized luminescence of Dy3+, Pr3+, Tb3+ in polycrystalline SrIn2O4 for field emission displays,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. J21–J27, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S.-J. Park, C.-H. Park, B.-Y. Yu, H.-S. Bae, C.-H. Kim, and C.-H. Pyun, “Structure and luminescence of SrY2O4:Eu,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 146, no. 10, pp. 3903–3906, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Zhou, J. Shi, and M. Gong, “Red phosphor SrY2O4:Eu3+ synthesized by the sol-gel method,” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 113, no. 3-4, pp. 285–290, 2005, 10.1016/j.jlumin.2004.10.024. View at Google Scholar
  13. J. Zhang, Y. Wang, L. Guo, and Y. Huang, “Vacuum ultraviolet-ultraviolet, X-ray, and near-infrared excited luminescence properties of SrR2O4:RE3+ (R = Y and Gd; RE = Tb, Eu, Yb, Tm, Er, and Ho),” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 243–249, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. V. Dubey, J. Kaur, S. Agrawal, N. S. Suryanarayana, and K. V. R. Murthy, “Synthesis and characterization of Eu3+ doped SrY2O4 phosphor,” Optik, vol. 124, no. 22, pp. 5585–5587, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. P. Rao, “Preparation and characterization of fine-grain yttrium-based phosphors by sol-gel process,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 189–197, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. P. Durán, J. Tartaj, and C. Moure, “Sintering behaviour of Y2O3 powders prepared by the polymer complex solution method,” Ceramics International, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 791–803, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. P. Rao, “Growth and characterization of Y2O3:Eu3+ phosphor films by sol-gel process,” Solid State Communications, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 439–443, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. L. Ferrari, A. M. Pires, and M. R. Davolos, “The effect of Eu3+ concentration on the Y2O3 host lattice obtained from citrate precursors,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 113, no. 2-3, pp. 587–590, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Q. Xiao, Y. Liu, Y. Zhong, and W. Zhu, “A citrate sol-gel method to synthesize Li2ZrO3 nanocrystals with improved CO2 capture properties,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 21, pp. 3838–3842, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Ray, P. Pramanik, A. Singha, and A. Roy, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline Y2O3:Eu3+,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 97, no. 9, Article ID 094312, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. Wan, Z. Wang, X. Chen, L. Mu, and Y. Qu, “Shape-tailored photoluminescent intensity of red phosphor Y2O3:Eu3+,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 284, no. 3-4, pp. 538–543, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. M. R. Davolos, S. Feliciano, A. M. Pirez, R. F. C. Marquez, and M. Jafelicci Jr., “Solvothermal method to obtain europium-doped yttrium oxide,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 171, no. 1-2, pp. 268–272, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. K. Y. Jung, C. H. Lee, and Y. C. Kang, “Effect of surface area and crystallite size on luminescent intensity of Y2O3:Eu phosphor prepared by spray pyrolysis,” Materials Letters, vol. 59, no. 19-20, pp. 2451–2456, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. J. T. Ingle, R. P. Sonekar, S. K. Omanwar, Y. Wang, and L. Zhao, “Combustion synthesis and VUV photoluminescence studies of borate host phosphors YBO3:RE3+ (RE = Eu3+, Tb3+) for PDPs applications,” Combustion Science and Technology, vol. 186, no. 1, pp. 83–89, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. K. Xu, G. He, G. Liu, Z. Han, and J. Lia, “Combustion synthesis of Eu2+ doped β-SiAlON phosphors by salt assistance,” ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. R230–R232, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. T. L. Barry and R. Roy, “New rare earth-alkaline earth oxide compounds: predicted compound formation and new families found,” Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 1243–1248, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. R. Atkins and A. L. Diaz, “Investigation of host-to-activator energy transfer and surface losses in SrY2O4:Eu3+ under VUV excitation,” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 128, no. 9, pp. 1463–1470, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. V. Dubey, J. Kaur, and S. Agrawal, “Effect of europium doping levels on photoluminescence and thermoluminescence of strontium yttrium oxide phosphor,” Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, vol. 31, pp. 27–37, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Physical Review, vol. 127, no. 3, pp. 750–761, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rareearth ions,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 37, no. 3, article 511, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. A. P. Jadhav, A. Pawar, C. W. Kim, H. G. Cha, U. Pal, and Y. S. Kang, “Effect of different additives on the size control and emission properties of Y2O3:Eu3+ nanoparticles prepared through the coprecipitation method,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 38, pp. 16652–16657, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus