Table of Contents
Indian Journal of Materials Science
Volume 2016, Article ID 1498967, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1498967
Research Article

Preparation of Paper Mulberry Fibers and Possibility of Cotton/Paper Mulberry Yarns Production

1Division of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Textile Industries, Rajamangala University of Technology Krungthep, Bangkok 10120, Thailand
2Division of Textile Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Textile Industries, Rajamangala University of Technology Krungthep, Bangkok 10120, Thailand

Received 15 March 2016; Accepted 25 July 2016

Academic Editor: Kaustubha Mohanty

Copyright © 2016 Manoon Jitjaicham and Boonsri Kusuktham. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The novelty of yarn production from cotton/paper mulberry fiber blends was reported. The objective of this research was to prepare the paper mulberry fibers and study the possibility of production of yarns from cotton/paper mulberry fibers. For preparation of paper mulberry fibers, the inner bark was first immersed in water for 24 h. Then, the fibers were treated with sodium hydroxide at concentration of 5–10% (w/v) for 1–3 h. After that, the bleaching process was conducted with hydrogen peroxide at concentration of 5–25% (v/v) for different temperature and time. Finally, the fibers were washed with 10% (v/v) of nonionic surfactant at temperature of 90°C for 30 minute to remove the residual gum from the fibers. The results showed that optimum condition for scouring of the paper mulberry fibers was 15% (w/v) sodium hydroxide at 90°C for 2 h. The bleaching process with 15% (v/v) H2O2 at 90°C for 90 minute was suitable. The obtained fibers were blended with the cotton fibers to produce yarns by open-end spinning method. The % elongation and tenacity of the blended yarns increased with the increasing of the paper mulberry ratio. Also, the antifungal property of yarns was improved by the blending of cotton fibers with the paper mulberry fibers.