Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2012, Article ID 256759, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/256759
Research Article

Nonuniformly Spaced Linear Antenna Array Design Using Firefly Algorithm

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh

Received 31 October 2011; Revised 23 January 2012; Accepted 31 January 2012

Academic Editor: Ramon Gonzalo

Copyright © 2012 Mohammad Asif Zaman and Md. Abdul Matin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, 3rd edition, 2005.
  2. C. A. Balanis, Modern Antenna Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, 2008.
  3. J. D. Kraus, R. J. Marhefka, and A. S. Khan, Antennas for all Applications, Tata McGraw-Hill, 3rd edition, 2007.
  4. R. C. Hansen, “Chapter 20: phased arrays,” in Antenna Engineering Handbook, J. L. Volakis, Ed., McGraw-Hill, 4th edition, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  5. T. B. Chen, Y. B. Chen, Y. C. Jiao, and F. S. Zhang, “Synthesis of antenna array using particle swarm optimization,” in Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC '05), vol. 3, p. 4, December 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Recioui, A. Azrar, H. Bentarzi, M. Dehmas, and M. Chalal, “Synthesis of linear arrays with sidelobe reduction constraint using genetic algorithm,” International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 524–530, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. A. Zaman, S. A. Mamun, M. Gaffar, S. M. Choudhury, and M. A. Matin, “Phased array synthesis using modified particle swarm optimization,” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 68–73, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. A. Zaman, M. Gaffar, M. M. Alam, S. A. Mamun, and M. A. Matin, “Syntehsis of antenna arrays using artificial bee colony optimization algorithm,” International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 234–241, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  9. R. Harrington, “Sidelobe reduction by nonuniform element spacing,” IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 187–192, 1961. View at Google Scholar
  10. F. Hodjat and S. A. Hovanessian, “Nonuniformly spaced linear and planar array antennas for sidelobe reduction,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 198–204, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. F. Ren, J. A. Azevedo, and A. M. Casimiro, “Synthesis of non-uniformly spaced arrays using the Fourier transform and window techniques,” IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1245–1253, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. G. Kurup, M. Himdi, and A. Rydberg, “Synthesis of uniform amplitude unequally spaced antenna arrays using the differential evolution algorithm,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 2210–2217, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Chen, Z. He, and C. Han, “A modified real GA for the sparse linear array synthesis with multiple constraints,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 2169–2173, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. M. Khodier and C. G. Christodoulou, “Linear array geometry synthesis with minimum sidelobe level and null control using particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 8, pp. 2674–2679, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Rajo-lglesias and Q. Quevedo-Teruel, “Linear array synthesis using an ant-colony-optimization-based algorithm,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 70–79, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Oraizi and M. Fallahpour, “Nonuniformly spaced linear array design for the specified beamwidth/sidelobe level or specified directivity/sidelobe level with coupling considerations,” Progress in Electromagnetic Research M, vol. 4, pp. 185–209, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  17. X. S. Yang, “Firefly algorithms for multimodal optimization,” in Stochastic Algorithms: Foundations and Appplications, O. Watanabe and T. Zeugmann, Eds., vol. 5792 of SAGA 2009, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 169–178, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  18. X. S. Yang, “Firefly algorithm, stochastic test functions and design optimisation,” International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computing, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 78–84, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  19. B. Basu and G. K. Mahanti, “Firefly and artificial bees colony algorithm for synthesis of scanned and broadside linear array antenna,” Progress in Electromagnetic Research B, vol. 32, pp. 169–190, 2011. View at Google Scholar