Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2014, Article ID 854346, 6 pages
Research Article

Wideband Microstrip 90° Hybrid Coupler Using High Pass Network

Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong

Received 31 December 2013; Accepted 11 March 2014; Published 7 April 2014

Academic Editor: Giampiero Lovat

Copyright © 2014 Leung Chiu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A wideband 90° hybrid coupler has been presented and implemented in planar microstrip circuit. With similar structure of conversional 2-section branch-line coupler, the proposed coupler consists of a lumped high-pass network but not the quarter wavelength transmission at the center. The values of all lumped elements were optimized to replace a quarter-wavelength transmission line with a phase inverter. To demonstrate the proposed concept, a 1-GHz prototype was fabricated and tested. It achieves 90% impedance bandwidth with magnitude of S11 less than −10 dB. Within this bandwidth, more than 13 dB port-to-port isolation, less than 5.0 degree phase imbalance, and less than 4.5 dB magnitude imbalance are achieved, simultaneously. The proposed coupler not only achieves much wider bandwidth but also occupies less circuit area than that of the conversional 2-section branch-line coupler.