Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2014, Article ID 958498, 6 pages
Research Article

Prediction of Rain Attenuation and Impact of Rain in Wave Propagation at Microwave Frequency for Tropical Region (Uttarakhand, India)

1Department of ECE, BTKIT, Dwarahat, Uttarakhand 263653, India
2Department of ECE, GRD IMT, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001, India

Received 30 January 2014; Revised 3 April 2014; Accepted 24 April 2014; Published 11 June 2014

Academic Editor: Nuno Borges Carvalho

Copyright © 2014 Mukesh Chandra Kestwal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The most classical approach of determining rain attenuation for radio-wave frequency has been to theoretically determine the specific attenuation. At frequency over 10 GHz, rain and precipitation can influence the attenuation a lot; the effect of atmospheric attenuation between the source and destination over wireless communication is of major concern and a proper site visit and proper method are required to control the attenuation level so that the performance can be increased. In this paper exponential model has been used to determine the attenuation level for k-region (India) which can be used for region having similar condition. The analyzed predicted attenuation data have been compared with ITU-R measured rain attenuation, and the results will provide useful estimation of rainfall attenuation on microwave links in tropical regions that have similar conditions as (Almora) Uttarakhand region.