Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2015, Article ID 210608, 9 pages
Research Article

Application of Defected Ground Structure to Suppress Out-of-Band Harmonics for WLAN Microstrip Antenna

A. D. Patel Institute of Technology, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Gujarat 388121, India

Received 27 September 2015; Accepted 29 November 2015

Academic Editor: Dmitry Kholodnyak

Copyright © 2015 Pravin Ratilal Prajapati. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An application of defected ground structure (DGS) to reduce out-of-band harmonics has been presented. A compact, proximity feed fractal slotted microstrip antenna for wireless local area network (WLAN) applications has been designed. The proposed 3rd iteration reduces antenna size by as compared to rectangular conventional antenna and by introducing H shape DGS, the size of an antenna is further reduced by . The DGS introduces stop band characteristics and suppresses higher harmonics, which are out of the band generated by 1st, 2nd, and 3rd iterations. H shape DGS is etched below the 50 Ω feed line and transmission coefficient parameters are obtained by CST Microwave Studio software. The values of equivalent and model have been extracted using a trial version of the diplexer filter design software. The stop band characteristic of the equivalent model also has been simulated by the Advance Digital System software, which gives almost the same response as compared to the simulation of CST Microwave Studio V. 12. The proposed antenna operates from 2.4 GHz to 2.49 GHz, which covers WLAN band and has a gain of 4.46 dB at 2.45 GHz resonance frequency.