Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2016, Article ID 3195716, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3195716
Research Article

Detection of Cracks in Concrete Structure Using Microwave Imaging Technique

1Department of Electrical Engineering, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru, PMB 001, Wushishi, Niger State, Nigeria
2School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Penang, Malaysia

Received 6 March 2016; Accepted 11 May 2016

Academic Editor: Giancarlo Bartolucci

Copyright © 2016 E. A. Jiya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. A. Glinicki and A. Litorowicz, “Application of UV image analysis for evaluation of thermal cracking in concrete,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Brittle Matrix Composites (BMC '03), A. M. Brandt, V. C. Li, and I. H. Marshall, Eds., pp. 101–109, Warsaw, Poland, October 2003.
  2. H. R. Samaha and K. C. Hover, “Influence of microcracking on the mass transport properties of concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 416–424, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C.-M. Aldea, S. P. Shah, and A. Karr, “Permeability of cracked concrete,” Materials and Structures, vol. 32, no. 219, pp. 370–376, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Mihashi, T. Nishiwaki, and J. P. Leite, “Effectiveness of crack control on durability of HPFRCC,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International RILEM Workshop, A. E. Naaman and H. W. Reinhardt, Eds., pp. 437–450, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA, 2003.
  5. N. Gowripalan, V. Sirivivatnanon, and C. C. Lim, “Chloride diffusivity of concrete cracked in flexure,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 725–730, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. P. Win, M. Watanabe, and A. Machida, “Penetration profile of chloride ion in cracked reinforced concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1073–1079, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. S. Tiang, M. S. Hathal, N. S. N. Anwar, M. F. Ain, and M. Z. Abdullah, “Development of a compact wide-slot antenna for early stage breast cancer detection featuring circular array full-view geometry,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2014, Article ID 309321, 11 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Saffar, S. Gouttebroze, and Z. L. Zhang, “The effect of microstructure, thickness variation, and crack on the natural frequency of solar silicon wafers,” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, vol. 136, no. 1, Article ID 011001, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. S. N. Anwar and M. Z. Abdullah, “Clutter suppression in through-the-wall radar imaging using enhanced delay-and-sum beamformer,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Imaging Systems and Techniques (IST '14), pp. 179–183, October 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Yamaguchi and S. Hashimoto, “Automated crack detection for concrete surface image using percolation model and edge information,” in Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics (IECON '06), pp. 3355–3360, Paris, France, November 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Sorncharean and S. Phiphobmongkol, “Crack detection on asphalt surface image using enhanced grid cell analysis,” in Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Symposium on Electronic Design, Test and Applications (DELTA '08), pp. 49–54, IEEE, Hong Kong, January 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Nonaka, F. Sato, H. Matsuki, and T. Sato, “Magnetic nondestructive detection of cracks in a distribution line,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 2746–2748, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. M. Sill and E. C. Fear, “Tissue sensing adaptive radar for breast cancer detection: study of immersion liquids,” Electronics Letters, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 113–115, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus