Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2016, Article ID 6102530, 7 pages
Research Article

Circularly Polarized Transparent Microstrip Patch Reflectarray Integrated with Solar Cell for Satellite Applications

1Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoufia University, Monufia, Egypt
2Faculty of Engineering, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt
3Faculty of Engineering, Egyptian Russian University, Cairo, Egypt

Received 6 March 2016; Revised 16 July 2016; Accepted 23 August 2016

Academic Editor: Safieddin Safavi-Naeini

Copyright © 2016 S. H. Zainud-Deen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Circularly polarized (CP) transparent microstrip reflectarray antenna is integrated with solar cell for small satellite applications at 10 GHz. The reflectarray unit cell consists of a perfect electric conductor (PEC) square patch printed on an optically transparent substrate with the PEC ground plane. A comparison between using transparent conducting polymers and using the PEC in unit-cell construction has been introduced. The waveguide simulator is used to calculate the required compensation phase of each unit cell in the reflectarray. The radiation characteristics of 13 × 13 CP transparent reflectarray antenna are investigated. A circularly polarized horn antenna is used to feed the reflectarray. The solar cell is incorporated with the transparent reflectarray on the same area. The solar-cell integration with the reflectarray reduces the maximum gain by about 0.5 dB due to the increase in the magnitude of the reflection coefficient. The results are calculated using the finite integral technique (FIT).