Table of Contents
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
Volume 2016, Article ID 9460823, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9460823
Research Article

Reconfigurable and Tunable Filtenna for Cognitive LTE Femtocell Base Stations

National Institute of Posts and Telecommunications (INPT), 10100 Rabat, Morocco

Received 15 March 2016; Revised 16 May 2016; Accepted 17 May 2016

Academic Editor: Chien-Jen Wang

Copyright © 2016 Hamza Nachouane et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. 3GPP. TR 36.814, “Further advancements for E-UTRA physical layer aspects, v.9.0.0.,” Tech. Rep. 3GPP, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  2. P. Lin, J. Zhang, Y. Chen, and Q. Zhang, “Macro-femto heterogeneous network deployment and management: from business models to technical solutions,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 18, no. 30, pp. 64–70, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. De la Roche and B. Allen, LTE-Advanced and Next Generation Wireless Networks: Channel Modelling and Propagation, John Wiley & Sons, Chicago, Ill, USA, 2013.
  4. A. M. D. Turkmani, J. D. Parsons, and D. G. Lewis, “Measurement of building penetration loss on radio signals at 441, 900 and 1400 MHz,” Journal of the Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. S169–S174, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. H. Walker, “Penetration of radio signals into buildings in the cellular radio environment,” The Bell System Technical Journal, vol. 62, no. 9, pp. 2719–2734, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Claussen, L. T. W. Ho, and L. G. Samuel, “An overview of the femtocell concept,” Bell Labs Technical Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 221–246, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. Chandrasekhar, J. G. Andrews, and A. Gatherer, “Femtocell networks: a survey,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 59–67, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Venkatkumar, T. Wirth, T. Haustein, and E. Schulz, “Relaying in long term evolution: indoor full frequency reuse,” in Proceedings of the European Wireless Conference (EW '09), pp. 298–302, Aarlborg, Denmark, May 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Mitola and G. Q. Maguire, “Cognitive radio: making software radios more personal,” IEEE Personal Communications, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 13–18, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Mitola, Cognitive radio an integrated agent architecture for software defined radio [Ph.D. thesis], Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden, 2000.
  11. S. Bayhan, G. Gür, and F. Alagoz, “Cognitive capabilities for femtocell networks: cognitive femtocells,” in Cognitive Radio and Its Application for Next Generation Cellular and Wireless Networks, V. Hrishikesh and G.-M. Muntean, Eds., vol. 116 of Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, pp. 331–356, Springer, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. P. Kulkarni, W. H. Chin, and T. Farnham, “Radio resource management considerations for LTE Femto cells,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 26–30, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  13. P. S. Hall, P. Gardner, and A. Faraone, “Antenna requirements for software defined and cognitive radios,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 100, no. 7, pp. 2262–2270, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. T. Bernhard, Reconfigurable Antennas, Morgan & Claypool, San Rafael, Calif, USA, 2007.
  15. P.-Y. Qin, F. Wei, and Y. J. Guo, “A wideband-to-narrowband tunable antenna using a reconfigurable filter,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 2282–2285, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Al-Husseini, K. Y. Kabalan, A. El-Hajj, and C. G. Christodoulou, “Reconfigurable microstrip antennas for cognitive radio,” in Advancement in Microstrip Antennas with Recent Applications, A. Kishk, Ed., InTech, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Nachouane, A. Najid, F. Riouch, and A. Tribak, “Two-port antenna for cognitive radio front-ends,” International Journal Of Microwave and Optical Technology, vol. 11, no. 1, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  18. G. Q. Luo, W. Hong, H. J. Tang et al., “Filtenna consisting of horn antenna and substrate integrated waveguide cavity FSS,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 92–98, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. Yu, W. Hong, Z. Kuai, and H. Wang, “Ku-band linearly polarized omnidirectional planar filtenna,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 11, pp. 310–313, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C.-K. Lin and S.-J. Chung, “A filtering microstrip antenna array,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 2856–2863, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C.-T. Chuang and S.-J. Chung, “Synthesis and design of a new printed filtering antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 1036–1042, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Yang and M. J. Lancaster, “Waveguide slot antenna with integrated filters,” Proceedings of the 32nd European Space Agency Workshop, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  23. T. Aboufoul, A. Alomainy, and C. Parini, “Reconfiguring UWB monopole antenna for cognitive radio applications using GaAs FET switches,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 11, pp. 392–394, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Zhao, Y. Han, F. Liang, Q. Zhang, and B.-Z. Wang, “Low-power optically controlled patch antenna of reconfigurable beams,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2014, Article ID 978258, 6 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Boudaghi, M. Azarmanesh, and M. Mehranpour, “A frequency-reconfigurable monopole antenna using switchable slotted ground structure,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 11, pp. 655–658, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. R. Hamid, P. Gardner, P. S. Hall, and F. Ghanem, “Switched-band Vivaldi antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 1472–1480, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Mansoul, F. Ghanem, M. R. Hamid, and M. Trabelsi, “A selective frequency-reconfigurable antenna for cognitive radio applications,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 13, pp. 515–518, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. N. Simon, Coplanar Waveguide Circuits Components and Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2001.
  29. C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2005.
  30. BAR88-02 Series Infineon PIN Diode Datasheet, http://www.infineon.com.
  31. BB145 NXP Semiconductors Varactor diode Datasheet, http://www.nxp.com.
  32. H. A. Wheeler, “The radiansphere around a small antenna,” Proceedings of the IRE, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 1325–1331, 1959. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. E. H. Newman, P. Bohley, and C. H. Walter, “Two methods for the measurement of antenna efficiency,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 457–461, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus