Table of Contents
International Journal of Navigation and Observation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8029124, 12 pages
Research Article

Development of a Low-Level Control System for the ROV Visor3

School of Engineering, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Circular 1 No. 70-01, 050031 Medellín, Colombia

Received 23 February 2016; Revised 9 June 2016; Accepted 20 June 2016

Academic Editor: Aleksandar Dogandzic

Copyright © 2016 Santiago Rúa and Rafael E. Vásquez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper addresses the development of the simulation of the low-level control system for the underwater remotely operated vehicle Visor3. The 6-DOF mathematical model of Visor3 is presented using two coordinated systems: Earth-fixed and body-fixed frames. The navigation, guidance, and control (NGC) structure is divided into three layers: the high level or the mission planner; the mid-level or the path planner; and the low level formed by the navigation and control systems. The nonlinear model-based observer is developed using the extended Kalman filter (EKF) which uses the linearization of the model to estimate the current state. The behavior of the observer is verified through simulations using Simulink®. An experiment was conducted with a trajectory that describes changes in the and and yaw components. To accomplish this task, two algorithms are compared: a multiloop PID and PID with gravity compensation. These controllers and the nonlinear observer are tested using the 6-DOF mathematical model of Visor3. The control and navigation systems are a fundamental part of the low-level control system that will allow Visor3’s operators to take advantage of more advanced vehicle’s capabilities during inspection tasks of port facilities, hydroelectric dams, and oceanographic research.