Table of Contents
International Journal of Navigation and Observation
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8047158, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8047158
Research Article

Simulation of GNSS Availability in Urban Environments Using a Panoramic Image Dataset

1Remote Sensing and GIS, School of Engineering and Technology, Asian Institute of Technology, 58 Moo 9, Paholyothin Highway, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
2Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8611, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Sakpod Tongleamnak; ht.ca.tia@370311ts

Received 4 August 2016; Revised 7 December 2016; Accepted 28 December 2016; Published 26 January 2017

Academic Editor: David Akopian

Copyright © 2017 Sakpod Tongleamnak and Masahiko Nagai. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. “The European Commission and The European GNSS Agency,” GNSS Market Report 4, 2015.
  2. “Trimble GNSS Planning,” 2016, http://www.trimble.com/gnssplanningonline/.
  3. “GNSS-Radar,” 2016, http://www.taroz.net/GNSS-Radar.html.
  4. Y. Lee, Y. Suh, and R. Shibasaki, “Ajax GIS application for GNSS availability simulation,” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 303–310, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. J. Bradbury, “Prediction of urban GNSS availability and signal degradation using virtual reality city models,” in Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS '07), pp. 2696–2706, Fort Worth, Tex, USA, September 2007. View at Scopus
  6. L. Wang, P. D. Groves, and M. K. Ziebart, “GNSS shadow matching: improving urban positioning accuracy using a 3D city model with optimized visibility prediction scoring,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS '12), pp. 423–437, September 2012.
  7. T. Suzuki and N. Kubo, Simulation of GNSS Satellite Availability in Urban Environments Using Google Earth, 2012.
  8. T. Suzuki, M. Kitamura, Y. Amano, and T. Hashizume, “Multipath mitigation using omnidirectional infrared camera for tightly coupled GPS/INS integration in urban environments,” in Proceedings of the 24th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS '11), pp. 2914–2922, Portland, Ore, USA, September 2011. View at Scopus
  9. T. Suzuki and N. Kubo, “N-LOS GNSS signal detection using fish-eye camera for vehicle navigation in urban environments,” in Proceedings of the 27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS '14), vol. 3, pp. 1897–1906, September 2014. View at Scopus
  10. J. S. Sánchez, A. Gehrmann, P. Thevenon, P. Brocard, A. B. Afia, and O. Julien, “Use of a FishEye camera for GNSS NLOS exclusion and characterization in urban environments,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Navigation International Technical Meeting (ITM '16), vol. 1, 2016.
  11. J. Marais, C. Meurie, D. Attia, Y. Ruichek, and A. Flancquart, “Toward accurate localization in guided transport: combining GNSS data and imaging information,” Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, vol. 43, pp. 188–197, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. Attia, C. Meurie, Y. Ruichek, and J. Marais, “Counting of satellites with direct GNSS signals using Fisheye camera: a comparison of clustering algorithms,” in Proceedings of the 14th IEEE International Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC '11), pp. 7–12, October 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J.-I. Meguro, T. Murata, J.-I. Takiguchi, Y. Amano, and T. Hashizume, “GPS multipath mitigation for urban area using omnidirectional infrared camera,” IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 22–30, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J.-Y. Han and T.-H. Juan, “Image-based approach for satellite visibility analysis in critical environments,” Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 113–123, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. “Explore Street View,” 2016, https://www.google.com/maps/streetview/explore/.
  16. R. Carrasco-Hernandez, A. R. D. Smedley, and A. R. Webb, “Using urban canyon geometries obtained from Google Street View for atmospheric studies: potential applications in the calculation of street level total shortwave irradiances,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 86, pp. 340–348, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. “Google Launches Street View in Dubai,” 2014, http://blogs.wsj.com/digits/2014/12/09/google-launches-street-view-in-dubai/.
  18. K. Miyamoto, “Fish eye lens,” Journal of the Optical Society of America, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 1060–1061, 1964. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. P. J. Burt and E. H. Adelson, “A multiresolution spline with application to image mosaics,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 217–236, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. J. Burt and E. H. Adelson, “The laplacian pyramid as a compact image code,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 532–540, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Panorama Tools, 2016, http://www.panoramatools.com/.
  22. N. Otsu, “A threshold selection method from gray-level histograms,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetic, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 62–66, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Vallado and P. Crawford, “SGP4 orbit determination,” in Proceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2008.
  24. SPACE-TRACK.ORG, 2016, https://www.space-track.org/.
  25. N. Panigrahi and R. Gaurav, “Tracking satellite footprints on Earth's surface,” Coordinates, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 23–28, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  26. T. S. Kelso, “Validation of SGP4 and IS-GPS-200D against GPS precision ephemerides,” in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, pp. 427–440, Sedona, Ariz, USA, February 2007. View at Scopus
  27. D. Scaramuzza, A. Martinelli, and R. Siegwart, “A flexible technique for accurate omnidirectional camera calibration and structure from motion,” in Proceedings of the Fourth IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Systems (ICVS '06), New York, NY, USA, January 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. N. Kubo, T. Suzuki, A. Yasuda, and R. Shibazaki, “An effective method for multipath mitigation under severe multipath environments,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS '05), pp. 2187–2194, Long Beach, Calif, USA, September 2005. View at Scopus