Table of Contents
International Journal of Oceanography
Volume 2011, Article ID 731828, 6 pages
Research Article

Water Quality in Marginal Seas off China in the Last Two Decades

The First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061, China

Received 25 October 2010; Revised 20 January 2011; Accepted 11 March 2011

Academic Editor: Robert Frouin

Copyright © 2011 Baodong Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Vandermeulen and D. Cobb, “Marine environmental quality: a Canadian history and options for the future,” Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 47, no. 5-6, pp. 243–256, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. M. Zhang and Z. G. Wen, “Review and challenges of policies of environmental protection and sustainable development in China,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 1249–1261, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. SOA (State Oceanic Administration of China), “Marine Environment Quality Communiqué of China (1989–2009),” 2010,
  4. Z. Jianyun, W. Guoqing, Y. Yang, H. Ruimin, and L. Jiufu, “Impact of climate change on water security in China,” Advances in Climate Change Research, vol. 5, supplement, pp. 34–40, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  5. X. Jin, X. You, and H. Liu, “Development of China’s offshore oil resources,” China Oil and Gas, vol. 3, pp. 28–32, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  6. Y. H. Li, X. P. Huang, Z. Z. Xu, and L. M. Huang, “Threat and protection measurement of Hepu seagrass beds in Guangxi,” Marine Environmental Science, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 587–589, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  7. SOA (State Oceanic Administration of China), “Marine Disaster Communiqué of China (1989–2009),” 2010,
  8. SEPA (State Environment Protection Agency of China), “Environment Status Communiqué of China (1989–2009),” 2010,
  9. MEP (Ministry of Environmental Protection of China), Sea Water Quality Standard (GB3097-1997 replacing GB 3097-82 putting into effect as of July 1, 1998).
  10. X. Wang and K. Li, Marine Environmental Capacity of Main Pollutants in Bohai Sea, China Science Press, Beijing, China, 2006.
  11. S. Ma, F. Xin, Y. Cui, and X. Qiao, “Estimation of riverine flux of pollutants from Yellow River and Xiaoqinghe River,” Marine Fishery Research, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 47–51, 2004 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  12. CEIC (Chemical Engineering Information Center of China), “Statistics of fertilizer application in China (1989–2008),” 2009,
  13. B. Wang, “Cultural eutrophication in the Yangtze River plume: history and perspective,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 69, pp. 471–477, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  14. W. J. Yan, S. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Nitrogen biogeochemical cycling in the Changjiang drainage basin and its effect on Changjiang river dissolved inorganic nitrogen: temporal trend for the period 1968-1997,” Acta Geographica Sinica, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 505–514, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Z. Zhang, M. Zhu, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Monitoring and managing pollution load in Bohai Sea, PR China,” Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 49, no. 9-10, pp. 706–716, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Wang, “New characteristics of environmental pollution in Bohai Sea in the 21 century,” Ocean Development and Management, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 117–119, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  17. X. Zhan, J. Sui, Y. Zhang, J. Ma, J. Wang, and L. Xue, “Status of marine environmental quality in China seas in 2001,” Marine Environmental Science, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 47–49, 2002 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  18. G. Wei, D. Tang, and S. Wang, “Distribution of chlorophyll and harmful algal blooms (HABs): a review on space based studies in the coastal environments of Chinese marginal seas,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 12–19, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. Z. Zhao, L. Zhao, F. S. Zhang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Temporal and spatial distributions and hazard degree of harmful algae blooms in China’s coastal waters,” Journal of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, vol. 10, pp. 945–958, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Wang and J. Wu, “Occurrence and potential risks of harmful algal blooms in the East China Sea,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 407, no. 13, pp. 4012–4021, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Li and D. Daler, “Ocean pollution from land-based sources: East China Sea, China,” Ambio, vol. 33, no. 1-2, pp. 107–113, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Li, J. Huang, and J. Cheng, “Time and spatial distribution character of fertilizer consumption and potential pollution in China,” Ecology and Environment, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 145–149, 2003 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  23. J. Williams, “Understanding the overuse of chemical fertilizer in China: a synthesis of historic trends, recent studies, and field experiences,” 2005,
  24. W. Zhang, Y. Ji, J. Ma, Y. Wang, W. Ma, and F. Zhang, “Factors affecting fertilizer demand and supply in China,” Resources Science, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 162–169, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  25. S. Duan, F. Xu, and L. J. Wang, “Long-term changes in nutrient concentrations of the Changjiang River and principal tributaries,” Biogeochemistry, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 215–234, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus