Table of Contents
International Journal of Oceanography
Volume 2013, Article ID 816561, 11 pages
Research Article

Characterization of the Boreal Summer Upwelling at the Northern Coast of the Gulf of Guinea Based on the PROPAO In Situ Measurements Network and Satellite Data

1Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny de Cocody, UFR-SSMT, LAPA-MF, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Cote d’Ivoire
2Université Abomey-Calavi de Cotonou, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin
3Institut National Polytechnique Houphouët-Boigny de Yamoussoukro (INPH), Chercheur Associé au LAPA-MF de l’Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny de Cocody, BP 1093 Yamoussoukro, Cote d’Ivoire
4Centre de Recherche Océanologique d’Abidjan (CRO), 29, Rue des Pêcheurs, BPV 18 Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire

Received 8 May 2013; Revised 29 July 2013; Accepted 4 August 2013

Academic Editor: Grant Bigg

Copyright © 2013 Yves K. Kouadio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The boreal summer upwelling along the northern coast of the Gulf of Guinea (GG) is characterized using new in situ sea surface temperature (SST) from onset sensor and satellite TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) datasets. This study aims to encourage intensive in situ SST measurements at the northern coast of the Gulf of Guinea. It shows good agreement between daily in situ SST and TMI SST and similar coastal upwelling onset date, end date, and durations calculated using both datasets. Interannual evolution of the onset date at four stations along the northern coast of GG indicates that the upwelling can be initiated at one cape or simultaneously at both the cape of palms and the cape of three points. It can be also initiated eastward towards Cotonou or globally off all the northern coasts of GG. Nonsignificant trend is found on upwelling onset date and end date variability. Moreover, this study shows that SST is significantly warm or cold some years. Ocean conditions during these years are related to known physical processes.