Table 1: Physiological effects of ghrelin.

ReferencePhysiological effect

Masuda 2000, Dornoville 2004 [56, 57]Increased gastrointestinal motility
Masuda 2000, Date 2001 [56, 58]Influence on gastric acid secretion
Broglio 2001, Dezaki 2004, Yada 2008 [5961]Reduction of insulin secretion
Nagaya 2001 [62]Decreased blood pressure
Baldanzi 2002 [63]Inhibition of apoptosis in cardiomyocytes
Cassoni 2001 [64]Inhibition of proliferation in breast cancer
Weikel 2003 [65]Extension of slow-wave sleep
Asakawa 2001, Carlini 2002 [66, 67]Anxiogenesis and memory consolidation