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International Journal of Plant Genomics
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 820274, 12 pages
Review Article

Structural and Functional Genomics of Tomato

1Department of Soil, Plant, Environmental and Animal Production Sciences, University of Naples “Federico II”, Via Università 100, Portici 80055, Italy
2Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente, Casaccia Research Center, Via Anguillarese 301, S.M. di Galeria, Roma 00123, Italy
3CNR-Institute of Plant Genetics, Via Università 133, Portici 80055, Italy

Received 27 July 2007; Accepted 22 November 2007

Academic Editor: P. K. Gupta

Copyright © 2008 Amalia Barone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is the most intensively investigated Solanaceous species both in genetic and genomics studies. It is a diploid species with a haploid set of 12 chromosomes and a small genome (950 Mb). Based on the detailed knowledge on tomato structural genomics, the sequencing of the euchromatic regions started in the year 2005 as a common effort of different countries. The manuscript focuses on markers used for tomato, on mapping efforts mainly based on exploitation of natural biodiversity, and it gives an updated report on the international sequencing activities. The principal tools developed to explore the function of tomato genes are also summarized, including mutagenesis, genetic transformation, and transcriptome analysis. The current progress in bioinformatic strategies available to manage the overwhelming amount of data generated from different tomato “omics” approaches is reported, and emphasis is given to the effort of producing a computational workbench for the analysis of the organization, as well as the functionality and evolution of the Solanaceae family.