(a) Emigration from the US
(b) Emigration from the US Social Security System
Figure 6: Logit-hazard model estimates of the probability of emigrating in any year, by age, sex, and annual earnings. Source. Author’s calculations using merged Detailed Earnings Records, Numident, and Master Beneficiary Record data files from the Social Security Administration. Note. Probabilities are derived from a logit-hazard model in which the probability of a foreign-born person emigrating in any year is a function of the person’s sex, age, age-squared, and average earnings. See the text for details of the model. Coefficients used to derive the results in the top and bottom panels are those reported in column 3 of Table 4.