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International Journal of Population Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 235747, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/235747
Research Article

Spatial Divisions and Fertility in India

School of Social Work, University of Texas at Arlington, 211 South Cooper Street, Arlington, TX 76019, USA

Received 27 November 2011; Revised 22 April 2012; Accepted 24 April 2012

Academic Editor: Syed Masud Ahmed

Copyright © 2012 Vijayan Pillai and Mashooq Salehin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Indian subcontinent can be divided into four geographical divisions. In this paper, we characterize three of the four divisions; the Northern Plains, the Deccan Plateau, and the Northern Mountains or the Himalayan as regions with dissimilar climatic and physical resources. It is argued that human adaptations to these variations would be varied by differences in social organization of production and consumption resulting in differences in fertility differences across the three divisions. We found significant differences in the median age at motherhood as well as in the total family size. The effects of the three selected fertility determinants, age at marriage, years of woman's education, and level of child loss on family size also varied significantly across the three divisions. There is considerable homogeneity with respect to fertility levels within the zones considered in this study.