Table of Contents
International Journal of Population Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 254315, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/254315
Research Article

Unintended Pregnancy and Abortion Access in the United States

Department of Economics, California State University, Long Beach, 1250 Bellflower Boulvard, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA

Received 26 March 2012; Revised 27 May 2012; Accepted 10 July 2012

Academic Editor: Bridget Freisthler

Copyright © 2012 Marshall H. Medoff. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. B. Finer and S. K. Henshaw, “Disparities in rates of unintended pregnancy in the United States, 1994 and 2001,” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 90–96, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Sonfield, K. Kost, R. B. Gold, and L. B. Finer, “The public costs of births resulting from unintended pregnancies: national and state-level estimates,” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 94–102, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. B. Levine, Sex and Consequences: Abortion Policy and the Economics of Fertility, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA, 2004.
  4. T. Joyce and R. Kaestner, “State reproductive policies and adolescent pregnancy resolution: the case of parental involvement laws,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 579–607, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. H. Medoff, “Price, restrictions and abortion demand,” Journal of Family and Economic Issues, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 583–599, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. H. Medoff, “The response of abortion demand to changes in abortion costs,” Social Indicators Research, vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 329–346, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. H. Medoff, “State abortion policy and the long-term impact of parental involvement laws,” Politics and Policy, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 193–221, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. B. Finer and K. Kost, “Unintended pregnancy rates at the state level,” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 78–87, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Lewis and J. O. Shimabukuro, “Abortion law development: a brief overview,” Almanac of Policy Issues, 2001.
  10. T. J. Kane and D. Staiger, “Teen motherhood and abortion access,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 467–506, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. H. Medoff, “Abortion costs, sexual behavior, and pregnancy rates,” Social Science Journal, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 156–172, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. H. Medoff, “Nonmarital births and state abortion policies,” Social Work in Public Health, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 454–469, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. H. Medoff, “Restrictive abortion laws, antiabortion attitudes and women’s contraceptive use,” Social Science Research, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 160–169, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Kelly and L. Grant, “State abortion and nonmarital birthrates in the post-welfare reform era: the impact of economic incentives on reproductive behaviors of teenage and adult women,” Gender and Society, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 878–904, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. England and B. S. Kilbourne, “Feminist critiques of the separative model of self: implications for rational choice theory,” Rationality and Society, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 156–171, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. P. B. Levine, “The sexual activity and birth control use of American teenagers,” in Risky Behavior Among Youths: An Economic Analysis, J. Gruber, Ed., pp. 167–218, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill, USA, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  17. S. L. Averett, D. I. Rees, and L. M. Argys, “The impact of government policies and neighborhood characteristics on teenage sexual activity and contraceptive use,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 92, no. 11, pp. 1773–1778, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. B. Levine, “Parental involvement laws and fertility behavior,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 861–878, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. B. Sen, “Frequency of sexual activity among unmarried adolescent girls: do state policies pertaining to abortion access matter?” The Eastern Economic Journal, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 313–330, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  20. T. Joyce, R. Kaestner, and S. Colman, “Changes in abortions and births and the Texas parental notification law,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 354, no. 10, pp. 1031–1038, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. H. Medoff, “The impact of state abortion policies on teen pregnancy rates,” Social Indicators Research, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 177–189, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Klick and T. Stratmann, “Abortion access and risky sex among teens: parental involvement laws and sexually transmitted diseases,” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 2–21, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Sen, “A preliminary investigation of the effects of restrictions on Medicaid funding for abortions on female STD rates,” Health Economics, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 453–464, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. T. Michael, “Education and the derived demand for children,” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 81, no. 2, part 2, pp. S128–S164, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. R. J. Willis, “A new approach to the economic theory of fertility behavior,” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 81, no. 2, part 2, pp. S14–S64, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. Guttmacher Institute, State policies in brief, Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY, USA, 2008.
  27. NARAL Foundation, Who Decides? the Status of Women’s Reproductive Rights in the United States, NARAL Foundation, Washington, DC, USA, 2006.
  28. R. M. Blank, C. C. George, and R. A. London, “State abortion rates: the impact of policies, providers, politics, demographics, and economic environment,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 513–553, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. Haas-Wilson, “The impact of state abortion restrictions on minors' demand for abortions,” Journal of Human Resources, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 140–158, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of the Population, State reports, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.
  31. S. J. Schmidt, Econometrics, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 2005.
  32. R. K. Jones and K. Kost, “Underreporting of induced and spontaneous abortion in the United States: an analysis of the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth,” Studies in Family Planning, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 187–197, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. Kost, L. B. Finer, and S. Singh, “Variation in state unintended pregnancy rates in the United States,” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 57–64, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. T. Joyce and R. Kaestner, “The impact of mandatory waiting periods and parental consent laws on the timing of abortion and state of occurrence among adolescents in Mississippi and South Carolina,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 263–282, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Tomal, “Parental involvement laws and minor and non-minor teen abortion and birth rates,” Journal of Family and Economic Issues, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 149–162, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. K. Jones, A. Purcell, S. Singh, and L. B. Finer, “Adolescents' reports of parental knowledge of adolescents' use of sexual health services and their reactions to mandated parental notification for prescription contraception,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 293, no. 3, pp. 340–348, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. I. V. Sawhill, “Teenage sex, pregnancy, and nonmarital births,” Gender Issues, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 48–59, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus