Table 2: Results of multilevel models of individual obesity outcome.

Model 1—random intercept modelModel 2—multilevel modelModel 3—multilevel model with cross-level interactions

VariablesOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)

Municipio level characteristics

Index of marginalization (IM)0.82 (0.78–0.87)***0.87 (0.81–0.94)***

Cross-level interaction terms
IM*no education0.92 (0.84–1.02)
IM*secondary/technical education1.12 (1.02–1.22)*
IM*college education or more1.16 (0.97–1.37)
IM*male gender1.02 (0.96–1.09)
IM*rural residence0.85 (0.78–0.93)***

Individual level characteristics

Socioeconomic position
Employed0.96 (0.92–1.03)0.95 (0.90–1.02)0.95 (0.90–1.01)
Educational level
 No education1.00 (0.93–1.14)1.02 (0.91–1.16)0.95 (0.81–1.11)
 Primary education (Ref)111
 Secondary/technical education0.93 (0.93–1.00)0.92 (0.85–1.00)1.07 (0.93–1.24)
 College education or more0.54 (0.44–0.59)***0.53 (0.46–0.62)***0.66 (0.49–0.88)*

Sociodemographic characteristics
Gender
 Male0.56 (0.51–0.61)***0.56 (0.52–0.61)***0.58 (0.52–0.64)***
 Female (Ref)111
Age
 20–34 (Ref)111
 35–491.86 (1.75–1.94)***1.86 (1.75–1.98)***1.86 (1.75–1.98)***
 50–642.00 (1.89–2.11)***1.99 (1.85–2.15)***2 (1.85–2.15)***
 65 or older0.99 (0.89–1.08)0.98 (0.88–1.09)0.98 (0.88–1.08)
Household size0.99 (0.98–1.00)0.99 (0.98–1)0.99 (0.98–1.00)
Residential status
 Rural0.80 (0.76–0.87)***0.91 (0.83–1.00)*0.82 (0.73–0.92)***
 Urban (Ref)111
Indigenous identity0.93 (0.89–1.00)*0.97 (0.91–1.04)0.98 (0.91–1.04)
Marital status
 Single (never married)0.71 (.065–0.75)***0.71 (0.65–0.76)***0.7 (0.65–0.76)***
 Married or cohabiting (Ref)111
 Divorced0.89 (0.81–1.00)0.89 (0.79–1.00)*0.89 (0.79–0.99)*
 Widowed0.88 (0.81–0.97)*0.88 (0.79–0.99)*0.88 (0.79–0.99)*

Behavioral characteristics
Walked >3 days last week0.76 (0.73–0.81)***0.76 (0.72–0.81)***0.76 (0.72–0.81)***
Current smoker0.84 (0.78–0.89)***0.83 (0.77–0.89)***0.83 (0.77–0.90)***
Currently drinks alcohol1.03 (0.98–1.10)1.03 (0.97–1.09)1.03 (0.97–1.09)

Housing conditions
House has dirt floor0.74 (0.69–0.83)***0.78 (0.7–0.86)***0.79 (0.71–0.87)***
House has no electricity0.67 (0.53–0.85)***0.71 (0.57–0.88)*0.73 (0.59–0.91)**

Individual-level interactions
Rural*no education0.85 (0.72–0.98)0.86 (0.73–1.03)0.96 (0.79–1.17)
Rural*secondary/technical Education1.15 (1.00–1.34)1.13 (0.97–1.31)1.02 (0.86–1.2)
Rural*college education or more1.18 (0.73–1.67)1.15 (0.68–1.96)0.99 (0.58–1.72)
Male*no education0.66 (0.55–0.80)***0.66 (0.54–0.8)***0.64 (0.53–0.78)***
Male*secondary/technical education1.04 (0.90–1.17)1.04 (0.92–1.19)1.05 (0.93–1.2)
Male*college education or more2.08 (1.75–2.67)***2.08 (1.7–2.54)***2.09 (1.7–2.56)***

σ 2 (Municipio)0.110.110.10
σ 2 (PSU)0.060.050.05

AIC38984.438931.738913.7

Analysis weighted by P_ADULT. Results are from the entire adult ENSANUT 2006 sample, . Numbers in parentheses are confidence intervals.
, .