Table of Contents
International Journal of Population Research
Volume 2013, Article ID 787149, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/787149
Research Article

Fertility Decline in Rwanda: Is Gender Preference in the Way?

1Demography, The National University of Rwanda, P. O. Box 117, Butare, Rwanda
2Utrecht University, P. O. Box 80115, NL 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
3Population Geography, Utrecht University, P. O. Box 80115, NL 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
4Human Geography and Demography, Utrecht University, P. O. Box 80115, NL 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands

Received 25 February 2013; Revised 1 May 2013; Accepted 15 May 2013

Academic Editor: Sidney R. Schuler

Copyright © 2013 Ignace Habimana Kabano et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In 2007 Rwanda launched a campaign to promote 3 children families and a program of community based health services to improve reproductive health. This paper argues that mixed gender offspring is still an important insurance for old age in Rwanda and that to arrive at the desired gender composition women might have to progress beyond parity 3. The analyses are twofold. The first is the parity progression desire given the gender of living children. The second is gender specific replacement intention following the loss of the last or only son or daughter. Using the Demographic and Health Surveys of 2000, 2005, and 2010, we show that child mortality does not lead to extra parity progression beyond three, while having single gender offspring does and even more so when this is the result of the loss of the last son or daughter.