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International Journal of Population Research
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 150105, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/150105
Research Article

Gender Disparity in Health and Food Expenditure in India among Elderly

1International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400 088, India
2Department of Mathematical Demography & Statistics, International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400 088, India

Received 9 April 2014; Accepted 5 August 2014; Published 27 August 2014

Academic Editor: Mzikazi Nduna

Copyright © 2014 Barsharani Maharana and Laishram Ladusingh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present paper aims to shed light on the changing pattern of gender disparity in health and food expenditure over time among the elderly in India. National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) data of the 55th (1999-2000) and the 64th (2007-2008) rounds on household consumer expenditure have been used for this study. Further, the paper examines whether change in the sex composition of the elderly in households contributes to a change in health and food expenditure. The findings indicate wide gender disparity in food and health care expenditure, with that of males being higher than that of their female counterparts; the gap, however, is narrowing with time. The compositional shift in sex among the elderly in households contributes significantly to the decline in household health and the increase in household food expenditure over time.