International Journal of Population Research / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Gender Socialization: Differences between Male and Female Youth in India and Associations with Mental Health

Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of Indian youth by gender (“Youth in India: Situation and Needs Study,” 2006–08 ( )).

CharacteristicFemaleMale

Age
 15–1952.5 53.2
 20–2447.5 46.8***
Place of residence
 Rural70.569.7
 Urban29.530.3***
Region
 South36.033.0
 West30.232.4
 North33.834.6***
Religion
 Hindu83.4 85.3
 Muslim10.0 10.0
 Other6.64.7***
Caste
 General caste21.3 21.4
 Scheduled caste20.5 19.7
 Scheduled tribe 7.0 9.3
 Other backward castes50.4 48.8
  Not known 0.80.8***
Marital status
 Single/never married46.1 80.1
 Married, living with spouse47.2 17.5
 Married, not living with spouse5.0 0.9
 Married, no gauna 1.71.5***
Work status
 Paid only24.0 53.9
 Unpaid only9.7 7.3
 Both paid and unpaid6.1 6.2
 Neither paid nor unpaid60.232.6***
Years of schooling
 <5 years32.014.3
 5–9 years37.8 43.5
 10–12 years21.9 31.1
 >12 years8.311.1***
Family type
 Nuclear 46.9 51.4
 Nonnuclear 53.148.6***
Wealth quintile
 Quintile 1 (poorest)16.5 12.2
 Quintile 218.3 18.8
 Quintile 320.7 20.9
 Quintile 422.3 25.0
 Quintile 5 (wealthiest) 22.223.1***
Mean (SD) mental health problems1.02 (1.82)1.01 (1.60)
30704 14065

Note: *** .

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