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Journal of Applied Mathematics and Stochastic Analysis
Volume 6 (1993), Issue 3, Pages 271-275

On applications of Little's formula

Department of Applied Mathematics, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne 32901, FL, USA

Received 1 September 1992; Revised 1 March 1993

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In classical Little's formula L=λW used in queueing, the parameter λ serves as the intensity of the input process. In various applications this parameter may not be known. The author discusses important classes of modulated input processes, where this parameter can be found.