Table of Contents
International Journal of Vehicular Technology
Volume 2013, Article ID 526180, 27 pages
Review Article

Automotive Technology and Human Factors Research: Past, Present, and Future

1Human Technology Research Institute, AIST, Japan
2University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), USA
3Institute of Ergonomics, Technische Universität München, Germany

Received 14 February 2013; Accepted 7 May 2013

Academic Editor: Tang-Hsien Chang

Copyright © 2013 Motoyuki Akamatsu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper reviews the history of automotive technology development and human factors research, largely by decade, since the inception of the automobile. The human factors aspects were classified into primary driving task aspects (controls, displays, and visibility), driver workspace (seating and packaging, vibration, comfort, and climate), driver’s condition (fatigue and impairment), crash injury, advanced driver-assistance systems, external communication access, and driving behavior. For each era, the paper describes the SAE and ISO standards developed, the major organizations and conferences established, the major news stories affecting vehicle safety, and the general social context. The paper ends with a discussion of what can be learned from this historical review and the major issues to be addressed. A major contribution of this paper is more than 180 references that represent the foundation of automotive human factors, which should be considered core knowledge and should be familiar to those in the profession.